Urinary bladder worm (Pearsonema sp.) infection in domestic dogs and cats in Mexico at a high altitude

  • Javier Del-Angel-Caraza
  • Israel Alejandro Quijano-Hernández
  • Edgardo Soriano-Vargas
  • Marco Antonio Barbosa-Mireles
  • José Simón Martínez-Castañeda
Short Communication

Abstract

Urinary bladder worm infection is relatively uncommon in pet dogs and cats in the Americas. This report describes the diagnosis of lower urinary tract infection by Pearsonema plica in two asymptomatic dogs and P. feliscati in a cat with lower urinary tract clinical signs diagnosed between 2002 and 2015, and the first report of this type of parasitism in domestic small animals in Mexico at an altitude above 2600 m above sea level. The studied cases demonstrate the need to consider a urinary bladder worm infection in domestic small animals, both stray animals and those with controlled access to the streets. Although a definitive host as foxes does not exist among the urban wildlife in cities of the Americas, stray dogs and cats should be considered as potential reservoir hosts of Pearsonema, which requires future epidemiological studies in these populations.

Keywords

Urinary bladder worm Pearsonema plica Pearsonema feliscati Dog Cat México 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Claudia I. Mendoza-López, Elizabeth Avilés-García and Alejandro Castro-Bárcena for their technical assistance with the management of clinical cases.

Compliance with ethical standards

The authors declare that the research complies with the current Mexican laws.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Author agreement/declaration

All authors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript being submitted. They warrant that the article is the authors’ original work, has not received prior publication, and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hospital Veterinario para Pequeñas Especies de la Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia-Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México,TolucaMexico
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación en Salud AnimalFacultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia-Universidad Autónoma del Estado de MéxicoTolucaMexico

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