Virchows Archiv

, Volume 473, Issue 2, pp 141–144 | Cite as

A brave new world

  • Jose Costa


Whereas up to 1950s the two major activities of academic Pathology—diagnostic and experimental—were both practiced by a single individual, thereafter, scientific, academic and economic factors created the conditions that favored monothematic practitioners. In this white paper, I argue that now, at the beginning of the 21st century, this separation is detrimental to the discipline, and I propose changes that would reunite the two strands.


Academic pathology Research in pathology Diagnostic practice Diagnostics Postgraduate training 


  1. Costa J (2008) Systems medicine in oncology. Nat Clin Pract Oncol 5(3):117. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Yale School of MedicineNew HavenUSA

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