European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 118, Issue 4, pp 863–864 | Cite as

Relation between lactic acid and base excess during muscular exercise

  • Dieter Böning
  • Norbert Maassen
Letter to the Editor


Author contributions

Both Dieter Böning and Norbert Maassen wrote the letter.


  1. Böning D (1968) Shifts of the CO2-dissociation curve in acute respiratory acidosis and its causes. I. Studies in dogs [In German]. Pflügers Arch 302(2):133–148CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Böning D, Maassen N (2008) Point: Lactic acid is the only physicochemical contributor to the acidosis of exercise. J Appl Physiol 105(1):358–359CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Böning D, Klarholz C, Himmelsbach B, Hütler M, Maassen N (2007) Causes of differences in exercise-induced changes of base excess and blood lactate. Eur J Appl Physiol 99(2):163–171CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Böning D, Rojas J, Serrato M, Reyes O, Coy L, Mora M (2008) Extracellular pH defense against lactic acid in untrained and trained altitude residents. Eur J Appl Physiol 103:127–137CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Lühker O, Berger MM, Pohlmann A, Hotz L, Gruhlke T, Hochreiter M (2017) Changes in acid-base and ion balance during exercise in normoxia and normobaric hypoxia. Eur J Appl Physiol 117(11):2251–2261. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Siggaard-Andersen O, Fogh-Andersen N (1995) Base excess or buffer base (strong ion difference) as measure of a non-respiratory acid-base disturbance. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand Suppl 107:123–128CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für PhysiologieCharité-Universitätsmedizin BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Institut für SportmedizinMedizinische Hochschule HannoverHanoverGermany

Personalised recommendations