This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
American Academy of Sleep Medicine International Classification of Sleep Disorders 3rd ed (2014) Darien, IL American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Hogl B, Stefani A, Videnovic A (2018) Idiopathic REM sleep behaviour disorder and neurodegeneration—an update. Nat Rev Neurol. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrneurol.2017.157
Zhou J, Zhang J, Li Y, Du L, Li Z, Lei F, Wing YK, Kushida CA, Zhou D, Tang X (2015) Gender differences in REM sleep behavior disorder: a clinical and polysomnographic study in China. Sleep Med. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2014.10.020
Takeuchi N, Sasai-Sakuma T, Inoue Y (2020) Gender differences in clinical findings and α-synucleiopathy-related markers in patients with idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder. Sleep Med. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2019.11.1261
Wing YK, Lam SP, Li SX, Yu MWM, Fong SYY, Tsoh JMY, Ho CKW, Lam VKH (2008) REM sleep behavior disorder in Hong Kong Chinese: clinical outcome and gender comparison. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp.2008.155374
Fernández-Arcos A, Iranzo A, Serradell M, Gaig C, Santamaria J (2016) The clinical phenotype of idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder at presentation: a study in 203 consecutive patients. Sleep. https://doi.org/10.5665/sleep.5332
Schenck CH, Boeve BF, Mahowald MW (2013) Delayed emergence of a parkinsonian disorder or dementia in 81% of older men initially diagnosed with idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder: a 16-year update on a previously reported series. Sleep Med. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2012.10.009
Oertel WH, Depboylu C, Krenzer M, Vadasz D, Ries V, Sixel-Döring F, Mayer G (2014) REM sleep behavior disorder as a prodromal stage of α-synucleinopathies: symptoms, epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and therapy. Nervenarzt. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00115-013-3891-8
Iranzo A, Fernández-Arcos A, Tolosa E, Serradell M, Molinuevo JL, Valldeoriola F, Gelpi E, Vilaseca I, Sánchez-Valle R, Lladó A, Gaig C, Santamaría J (2014) Neurodegenerative disorder risk in idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder: study in 174 patients. PLoS ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089741
Ferini-Strambi L, Di Gioia MR, Castronovo V, Oldani A, Zucconi M, Cappa SF (2004) Neuropsychological assessment in idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD): does the idiopathic form of RBD really exist? Neurology. https://doi.org/10.1212/01.WNL.0000101726.69701.FA
Fantini ML, Farini E, Ortelli P, Zucconi M, Manconi M, Cappa S, Ferini-Strambi L (2011) Longitudinal study of cognitive function in idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder. Sleep. https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/34.5.619
Hamson DK, Roes MM, Galea LA (2016) Sex hormones and cognition: neuroendocrine influences on memory and learning. Compr Physiol. https://doi.org/10.1002/cphy.c150031
Luca G, Haba Rubio J, Andries D, Tobback N, Vollenweider P, Waeber G, Marques Vidal P, Preisig M, Heinzer R, Tafti M (2015) Age and gender variations of sleep in subjects without sleep disorders. Ann Med. https://doi.org/10.3109/07853890.2015.1074271
Bliwise DL, Scullin MK (2017) Normal aging. In: Kryger M, Roth T (eds) Principles and practice of sleep medicine, 6th edn. Elsevier, Philadelphia
Schenck CH, Boeve BF (2011) The strong presence of REM sleep behavior disorder in PD: clinical and research implications. Neurology. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0b013e31822e14d7
Ferri R, Manconi M, Plazzi G, Bruni O, Vandi S, Montagna P, Ferini-Strambi L, Zucconi M (2008) A quantitative statistical analysis of the submentalis muscle EMG amplitude during sleep in normal controls and patients with REM sleep behavior disorder. J Sleep Res. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2869.2008.00631.x
McCarter SJ, Sandness DJ, McCarter AR, Feemster JC, Teigen LN, Timm PC, Boeve BF, Silber MH, St Louis EK (2019) REM sleep muscle activity in idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder predicts phenoconversion. Neurology. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000008127
This work had no financial support.
Conflicts of interest
None of the authors of this manuscript had conflicts of interest.
The study was approved by the local ethical committee.
About this article
Cite this article
Castelnuovo, A., Marelli, S., Mombelli, S. et al. Idiopathic RBD: the role of gender. J Neurol 267, 2157–2158 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00415-020-09968-0