Population data for 23 Y chromosome STR loci using the Powerplex® Y23 STR kit for the Kedayan population in Malaysia


Genetic polymorphisms at 23 Y chromosome short tandem repeat (STRs) loci included in the Powerplex® Y23 PCR kit were successfully scored in 128 unrelated Kedayan individuals living in Sabah, East Malaysia. Complete haplotypes were recorded for all individuals and included 92 different types with 72 being unique to single male subjects. Three important forensic statistics were calculated from these data; haplotype diversity = 0.993, discriminating capacity = 0.719, and match probability = 0.015. The Kedayan appear to be most closely related to Malays and Filipinos in a multidimensional scaling plot and are separated from other mainland Asia populations including Thais and Hakka Han. These new data for Kedayan have been deposited in the YHRD database (accession number: YA004621). Our statistical analyses showed the reliability of Y-STR loci for geographically extended use in forensic casework and for studying human population history.

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We would like to extend our sincere appreciation to the staff at the DNA Databank Division (D13), Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Royal Malaysia Police, Cheras, Selangor, for their comprehensive support and contributions towards this study. Special thanks go to Mr. Kasa Bin Saidi, Mr. Paridin Bin Sitim (Si Odeng), Mr. Mohd Najid Bin Tarip, and Supri@Openg Bin Abidin, representatives of Persatuan Kedayan-Paadian Sabah, for organizing the sampling sessions in Sipitang, Sabah. We also thank DNA Laboratory, Royal Malaysia Police, Malaysia, for providing the genotyping platform and Victoria University of Wellington who gave Alumnus Scholar support to Geoff Chambers.


This study received financial support from the Bridging Grant (no: 304/PTEKIND/6316501) and Short Term Grant (no: 304/ PPSK/6315142), Universiti Sains Malaysia.

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Correspondence to Hashom Mohd Hakim or Hisham Atan Edinur.

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This study was reviewed and approved (ethical permit no: USM/JEPeM/15100366) by the Human Ethics Committee, Universiti Sains Malaysia (JEPeM-USM).

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Hakim, H.M., Khan, H.O., Ismail, S.A. et al. Population data for 23 Y chromosome STR loci using the Powerplex® Y23 STR kit for the Kedayan population in Malaysia. Int J Legal Med 134, 1335–1337 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-019-02237-4

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  • Y chromosome STR
  • Haplotypes
  • Powerplex® Y23 system
  • Population genetic
  • Kedayan
  • Malaysia