European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology

, Volume 275, Issue 11, pp 2713–2717 | Cite as

The lamellar cell: a radiological study and a new classification proposal

  • Christian Calvo-HenríquezEmail author
  • Alberto Ruano-Ravina
  • Gabriel Martinez-Capoccioni
  • Marco Huaranca
  • Kaelon Lattomus
  • Carlos Martin-Martin



A pneumatized middle turbinate is called concha bullosa. Bolger classified it in bulbous, lamellar, and extensive. Lamellar cells could have a variable extension. We propose the first radiologic classification of lamellar cells.


195 CT sinonasal scans were included in the study. Lamellar cells were classified into four categories according to their degree of aeration.


Lamellar cells were found in 47.7% of patients: unilateral in 14.9% of cases and bilateral in the remaining 32.8%. The most common lamellar cell is type 1, followed by types 3, 2, and 4; there were no statistically significant differences regarding side. A subgroup analysis was performed in 106 patients with no inflammatory diseases of the nasal cavity; there were no significant differences.


Cell types 3 and 4 are a complete pneumatization of the insertion of the middle turbinate; these cells are rare and could be associated with middle turbinate instability.


Lamellar cell Grunwald cell Interlamellar cell Concha bullosa Middle turbinate 



There is no financial support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare not to have any conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Service of OtolaryngologyHospital Complex of Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Preventive Medicine and Public HealthUniversity of Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain
  3. 3.CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública. CIBERESPMadridSpain
  4. 4.College of MedicineUniveristy of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  5. 5.Department of OtolaryngologyUniversity of Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain

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