European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology

, Volume 275, Issue 11, pp 2719–2726 | Cite as

Clinical correlation of molecular (VEGF, FGF, PDGF, c-Myc, c-Kit, Ras, p53) expression in juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma

  • Anupam MishraEmail author
  • Subhash Chandra Mishra
  • Ashoak Mani Tripathi
  • Amita Pandey



A molecular surrogate may exist for the clinical behaviour of juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA).


In 9–14 cases, a ‘correlation’ of clinical behaviour with molecular expression (m-RNA expression through RT-PCR) of VEGF, FGF, PDGF, Ras, c-Myc, c-Kit and p53 was undertaken.


A comparison of the two extremes of expressions characterized some specific clinical phenotypes for every marker except c-Myc. A higher FGF was associated with post-adolescent presentation, smaller tumour size, enhanced haemorrhage and recurrence. A higher c-Kit was associated with adolescents, rapid growth, skull base involvement and recurrence. Enhanced Ras was associated with post-adolescence, smaller tumour size, skull base involvement and recurrence. Enhanced p53 and PDGF were associated with adolescents, early presentation and rapid progression. Higher VEGF expression was associated with skull base involvement and enhanced haemorrhage.


This study is currently the only evidence revealing a clinical molecular association in JNA and larger multicentric studies need to be performed to show a statistical significance.


Nasopharynx Angiofibroma VEGF FGF PDGF Ras C-Myc C-Kit P53 



The principal author would like to acknowledge Praveen Pandey from CDRI for his efforts in generating the necessary laboratory data and while the basic molecular expression values have been published in the laryngoscope, the current study exclusively correlates the clinical parameters.



Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

405_2018_5110_MOESM1_ESM.doc (140 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 140 KB)
405_2018_5110_MOESM2_ESM.docx (11 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 11 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OtorhinolaryngologyKing George Medical UniversityLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologyKing George Medical UniversityLucknowIndia
  3. 3.Department of OtorhinolaryngologyNepalgunj Medical CollegeNepalgunjNepal

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