The application of surgical procedure manager (SPM): first experience with FESS


In our hypothesis, the newly developed program SPM (surgical procedure manager) will ensure successful standardization and efficiency of the FESS (functional endoscopic sinus surgery) and therefore make a decisive contribution in terms of economization and improvement of intraoperative quality. Between 27th March 2015 and 8th October 2015, data from 259 FESS procedures were collected using the SPM. The study took place at the surgical desk, an operating room in the ACQUA clinic in Leipzig, Germany. 233 FESS (90%) of the total FESS (n = 259, 100%) were conducted entirely with SPM. 26 SPM terminations (10%) of 259 FESS remain, which are classified as actual SPM terminations—when the surgeon intentionally stops the SPM. The maximum time slot decreased clearly from 1 h 39 min (period A) to 1 h 10 min (period B). A time reduction can also be seen with the minimum duration of 13.5 min compared to 11 min. The variability of the time slot also decreases since the standard deviation is reduced by 4.5 min. On the basis of available recordings it can be postulated that the application of SPM is suitable for standardization for FESS. Standardization by means of SPM and minimal development can be recognized over a period of time. The SPM makes it possible to transfer the general advantages of mechanization on a concrete FESS and do not influence the medical processes nor even restrict the medical freedom. The users are still entirely free in the implementation of the respective procedure.

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Chronic rhinosinusitis


Digital volume tomography, also known as cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)


Ear nose and throat


Exceptional handling


Functional endoscopic sinus surgery


Onboard information terminal


Procedure point navigation


Regular handling


Surgical management and guidance system


Surgical operation handbook


Standard operating procedure


Conventional septoplasty


Surgical process institute


Surgical procedure manager


Technical officer of surgery


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Correspondence to Katharina Feige.

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Feige, K., Gollnick, I., Schmitz, P. et al. The application of surgical procedure manager (SPM): first experience with FESS. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 274, 3407–3416 (2017).

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  • FESS
  • SPM
  • Surgical procedure manager
  • Workflow surgery
  • Endoscopic surgery