The application of surgical procedure manager (SPM): first experience with FESS

Abstract

In our hypothesis, the newly developed program SPM (surgical procedure manager) will ensure successful standardization and efficiency of the FESS (functional endoscopic sinus surgery) and therefore make a decisive contribution in terms of economization and improvement of intraoperative quality. Between 27th March 2015 and 8th October 2015, data from 259 FESS procedures were collected using the SPM. The study took place at the surgical desk, an operating room in the ACQUA clinic in Leipzig, Germany. 233 FESS (90%) of the total FESS (n = 259, 100%) were conducted entirely with SPM. 26 SPM terminations (10%) of 259 FESS remain, which are classified as actual SPM terminations—when the surgeon intentionally stops the SPM. The maximum time slot decreased clearly from 1 h 39 min (period A) to 1 h 10 min (period B). A time reduction can also be seen with the minimum duration of 13.5 min compared to 11 min. The variability of the time slot also decreases since the standard deviation is reduced by 4.5 min. On the basis of available recordings it can be postulated that the application of SPM is suitable for standardization for FESS. Standardization by means of SPM and minimal development can be recognized over a period of time. The SPM makes it possible to transfer the general advantages of mechanization on a concrete FESS and do not influence the medical processes nor even restrict the medical freedom. The users are still entirely free in the implementation of the respective procedure.

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Abbreviations

CRS:

Chronic rhinosinusitis

DVT:

Digital volume tomography, also known as cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)

ENT:

Ear nose and throat

EXH:

Exceptional handling

FESS:

Functional endoscopic sinus surgery

OIT:

Onboard information terminal

PPN:

Procedure point navigation

RGH:

Regular handling

SMGS:

Surgical management and guidance system

SOH:

Surgical operation handbook

SOP:

Standard operating procedure

SP-c:

Conventional septoplasty

SPI:

Surgical process institute

SPM:

Surgical procedure manager

TOS:

Technical officer of surgery

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Correspondence to Katharina Feige.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Feige, K., Gollnick, I., Schmitz, P. et al. The application of surgical procedure manager (SPM): first experience with FESS. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 274, 3407–3416 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00405-017-4658-9

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Keywords

  • FESS
  • SPM
  • Surgical procedure manager
  • Workflow surgery
  • Endoscopic surgery