In this study, we investigate what types of cellulosic materials are formed by soaking the cellulose/ionic liquid (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, BMIMCl) solutions in various organic liquids. When the 5-wt% cellulose/BMIMCl solutions were soaked in organic liquids with high and moderate polarities (relative permittivities), the corresponding cellulosic solutions and gels were produced, respectively. On the other hand, soaking the cellulose/BMIMCl solutions in lower polar liquids resulted in aggregation of cellulose in the mixtures. As the gels with high boiling point media were stable, they were characterized by viscoelastic and compression measurements. Contents of organic media and BMIMCl in the gels were changed depending on the polarities, which affected the mechanical properties under compression mode. Furthermore, processes for production of the solution, gel, and aggregate were proposed.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Schuerch C (1986) Polysaccharides. In: Mark HF, Bilkales N, Overberger CG (eds) Encyclopedia of polymer science and engineering. 2nd edn, vol 13. John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp 87–162
Klemm D, Heublein B, Fink HP, Bohn A (2005) Cellulose: fascinating biopolymer and sustainable raw material. Angew Chem Int Ed 44:3358–3393
Xiao C, Zhang Z, Zhang J, Lu Y, Zhang L (2003) Properties of regenerated cellulose films plasticized with α-monoglycerides. J Appl Polym Sci 89:3500–3505. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.12509
Chen SS, Wang L, Yu IKM, Tsang DCW, Hunt AJ, Jérôme F, Zhang S, Ok YS, Poon CS (2018) Valorization of lignocellulosic fibres of paper waste into levulinic acid using solid and aqueous Brønsted acid. Bioresour Technol 247:387–394. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2017.09.110
Le Phuong HA, Izzati Ayob NA, Blanford CF, Mohammad Rawi NF, Szekely G (2019) Nonwoven membrane supports from renewable resources: bamboo fiber reinforced poly(lactic acid) composites. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 7:11885–11893. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.9b02516
Pei L, Luo Y, Gu X, Dou H, Wang J (2019) Diffusion mechanism of aqueous solutions and swelling of cellulosic fibers in silicone non-aqueous dyeing system. Polymers 11:411
Curvello R, Raghuwanshi VS, Garnier G (2019) Engineering nanocellulose hydrogels for biomedical applications. Adv Colloid Interf Sci 267:47–61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cis.2019.03.002
Haq MA, Habu Y, Yamamoto K, Takada A, Kadokawa J (2019) Ionic liquid induces flexibility and thermoplasticity in cellulose film. Carbohydr Polym 223:115058. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2019.115058
Kadokawa J, Murakami M, Kaneko Y (2008) A facile preparation of gel materials from a solution of cellulose in ionic liquid. Carbohydr Res 343:769–772
Swatloski RP, Spear SK, Holbrey JD, Rogers RD (2002) Dissolution of cellose with ionic liquids. J Am Chem Soc 124:4974–4975
El-Hadi A, Schnabel R, Straube E, Müller G, Henning S (2002) Correlation between degree of crystallinity, morphology, glass temperature, mechanical properties and biodegradation of poly (3-hydroxyalkanoate) PHAs and their blends. Polym Test 21:665–674. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0142-9418(01)00142-8
Liebert T, Heinze T (2008) Interaction of ionic liquids with polysaccharides. 5. Solvents and reaction media for the modification of cellulose. Bioresources 3:576–601
Feng L, Chen ZI (2008) Research progress on dissolution and functional modification of cellulose in ionic liquids. J Mol Liq 142:1–5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2008.06.007
Pinkert A, Marsh KN, Pang SS, Staiger MP (2009) Ionic liquids and their interaction with cellulose. Chem Rev 109:6712–6728. https://doi.org/10.1021/cr9001947
Gericke M, Fardim P, Heinze T (2012) Ionic liquids - promising but challenging solvents for homogeneous derivatization of cellulose. Molecules 17:7458–7502. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules17067458
Isik M, Sardon H, Mecerreyes D (2014) Ionic liquids and cellulose: dissolution, chemical modification and preparation of new cellulosic materials. Int J Mol Sci 15:11922–11940. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms150711922
Zhang J, Wu J, Yu J, Zhang X, He J, Zhang J (2017) Application of ionic liquids for dissolving cellulose and fabricating cellulose-based materials: state of the art and future trends. Mater Chem Front 1:1273–1290. https://doi.org/10.1039/c6qm00348f
Hermanutz F, Vocht MP, Panzier N, Buchmeiser MR (2019) Processing of cellulose using ionic liquids. Macromol Mater Eng 304:1800450. https://doi.org/10.1002/mame.201800450
Verma C, Mishra A, Chauhan S, Verma P, Srivastava V, Quraishi MA, Ebenso EE (2019) Dissolution of cellulose in ionic liquids and their mixed cosolvents: A review. Sustain Chem Pharm 13:13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scp.2019.100162
Hu X, Hu K, Zeng L, Zhao M, Huang H (2010) Hydrogels prepared from pineapple peel cellulose using ionic liquid and their characterization and primary sodium salicylate release study. Carbohydr Polym 82:62–68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2010.04.023
Hu X, Wang J, Huang H (2013) Impacts of some macromolecules on the characteristics of hydrogels prepared from pineapple peel cellulose using ionic liquid. Cellulose 20:2923–2933. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-013-0075-4
Lü X, Li L, Lin Z, Cui S (2011) Formation mechanism of ionic liquid-reconstituted cellulose hydrogels and their application in gel electrophoresis. Acta Polym Sin:1026–1032. https://doi.org/10.3724/SP.J.1105.2011.10353
Liang X, Qu B, Li J, Xiao H, He B, Qian L (2015) Preparation of cellulose-based conductive hydrogels with ionic liquid. React Funct Polym 86:1–6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2014.11.002
Shen X, Shamshina JL, Berton P, Bandomir J, Wang H, Gurau G, Rogers RD (2016) Comparison of hydrogels prepared with ionic-liquid-isolated vs commercial chitin and cellulose. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 4:471–480. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.5b01400
Peng H, Wang S, Xu H, Dai G (2018) Preparations, properties, and formation mechanism of novel cellulose hydrogel membrane based on ionic liquid. J Appl Polym Sci 135:45488. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.45488
Idenoue S, Oga Y, Hashimoto D, Yamamoto K, Kadokawa J (2019) Preparation of reswellable amorphous porous celluloses through hydrogelation from ionic liquid solutions. Materials 12. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12193249
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Kadokawa, J., Ohyama, N., Idenoue, S. et al. Facile production of cellulosic organic solutions and organogels from ionic liquid media. Colloid Polym Sci 298, 1129–1134 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00396-020-04685-6
- Ionic liquid
- Organic solution