Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 296, Issue 5, pp 961–969 | Cite as

Synthesis of gold colloids using polyelectrolytes and macroelectrolytes containing arsonic moieties

  • Ana M. Herrera-González
  • M. Caldera-Villalobos
  • P. B. Bocardo-Tovar
  • J. García-Serrano
Original Contribution


The control of size, shape, and stabilization of nanostructures is a grand challenge in the nanotechnology. For this purpose, two polyelectrolytes and two macroelectrolytes were synthesized. Polyelectrolytes with arsonic acid groups were synthetized by chemical modification of poly(p-acryloyloxibenzaldehyde) using ortho- and para-aminophenylarsonic acids (PE-1 and PE-2). Meanwhile, macroelectrolytes with arsonic acid groups were synthesized from hexachlorocyclotriphosphazene using arsanilic acids in ortho- and para-position (ME-1 and ME-2). Because of the position of arsonic acid groups, the degree of substitution of polyelectrolytes and macroelectrolytes, and the dissociation in liquid media, different nanostructures were obtained with them using the colloidal method. Quasi-spherical nanoparticles with average sizes of 6, 12, and 16 nm were obtained using PE-1, PE-2, and ME-2 in aqueous solutions, respectively. ME-1 is a strong reducing agent for Au3+ ions, and it led to obtaining of highly anisotropic nanostructures, such as dodecahedron, decahedron, and triangular and hexagonal nanoplates.


Polyelectrolyte Macroelectrolyte Au nanoparticle Anisotropic Arsonic acid 



The authors acknowledge the financial support through the project CONACyT CB-168071 and H. Welti P. for his assistance in the English language.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

396_2018_4309_MOESM1_ESM.jpg (1.4 mb)
ESM 1 a) Temporal evolution of UV-Vis spectrum of Au nanoparticles stabilized with PE-1 and b) size distribution histogram of nanoparticles. (JPEG 1385 kb)
396_2018_4309_MOESM2_ESM.jpg (1.6 mb)
ESM 2 a) Temporal evolution of UV-Vis spectrum of Au nanoparticles stabilized with PE-2 and b) size distribution histogram of nanoparticles. (JPEG 1602 kb)
396_2018_4309_MOESM3_ESM.jpg (1.5 mb)
ESM 3 Temporal evolution of UV-Vis spectrum of Au nano-assemblies stabilized with ME-1 in DMF. (JPEG 1572 kb)
396_2018_4309_MOESM4_ESM.jpg (1.8 mb)
ESM 4 a) Temporal evolution of UV-Vis spectrum of Au nanoparticles stabilized with ME-2 and b) size distribution histogram of nanoparticles. (JPEG 1872 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Ciencias Básicas e Ingeniería, Laboratorio de PolímerosUniversidad Autónoma del Estado de HidalgoMineral de la Reforma, Hidalgo, C.PMexico
  2. 2.Doctorado en Ciencias de los MaterialesUniversidad Autónoma del Estado de HidalgoMineral de la Reforma, HidalgoMexico

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