Esophagoesophagopexy technique for assisted fistulization of esophageal atresia

Abstract

Purpose

We describe our experience using a modified suture fistula technique for addressing tension in longer gap esophageal atresia (EA). Esophagoesophagopexy (EEP) is the tacking of the proximal and distal ends of esophageal pouches without formal anastomosis. In this retrospective cohort, we review the outcomes of patients with EA after EEP.

Methods

We reviewed the operative reports of EA cases treated at our institution from 1997 to 2016 and identified all patients described as having EEP.

Results

Of 129 EA cases, five patients underwent EEP. Formal anastomosis was not done due to patient’s instability, prematurity, or long gap. Median birth weight was 1.4 kg (0.6–2.2 kg), and median gestational age at birth was 29 weeks (25–34 weeks). Age at time of EEP ranged 0–5 months. Esophagoesophageal fistula was confirmed in three patients. All three had strictures requiring weekly dilations. One of these patients died. The two surviving patients underwent fundoplication.

Conclusion

We describe an alternative technique for esophageal anastomosis in patients for whom a standard anastomosis is not possible. EEP can lead to a functional anastomosis through fistulization and avoid the morbidity of multiple thoracotomies and lengthening procedures. Families should be educated on the potential need for dilations and antireflux procedures.

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Abbreviations

EA:

Esophageal atresia

EEP:

Esophagoesophagopexy

EEF:

Esophagoesophageal fistula

TEF:

Tracheoesophageal fistula

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Correspondence to Lan T. Vu.

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Funding

This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [5T32DK007573-27].

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Chumfong, I., Lee, H., Padilla, B.E. et al. Esophagoesophagopexy technique for assisted fistulization of esophageal atresia. Pediatr Surg Int 34, 63–69 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00383-017-4164-6

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Keywords

  • Esophageal atresia
  • Long gap esophageal atresia
  • Esophageal anastomosis
  • Esophagoesophagopexy
  • Suture fistula