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Table 3 Surface heat loss (SHL), heat content trend (\(\varDelta HC\)) and net heat and salt transport at the Gibraltar Strait (GHT and GST) averaged over the Mediterranean basin

From: Mediterranean Sea response to climate change in an ensemble of twenty first century scenarios

Experiment SHL (\(\hbox {W}\,\hbox {m}^{-2}\) ) \(\varDelta HC\) (\(\hbox {W}\,\hbox {m}^{-2})\) GHT (\(\hbox {W}\,\hbox {m}^{-2}\) ) GST (\(10^{8}\,\hbox {g s}^{-1}\) )
Net Out In Net Out In
OBS-range 1 ± 8 0.09 [3–10]      
HIS (1961–1990) 6 0 6 17 23 2 313 315
HIS-F (1961–1990) 4 1 5 16 21 1 284 285
  Δ Δ   Δ    Δ  
A2 (2070–2099) −2.5 +3.5 +1 +2 +3 +5 +4 +9
A2-F (2070–2099) −2 +3 +1 +2 +3 +8 0 +8
A2-RF (2070–2099) −3 +3 0 +2 +2 +9 −2 +7
A2-ARF (2070–2099) −2 +4 +2 +1 +3 +12 −4 +8
A1B-ARF (2070–2099) −1 +3 +2 +1 +3 +11 −5 +6
B1-ARF (2070–2099) −1 +2 +1 +1 +2 +8 −5 +3
  1. The observations range comes from the data-gathering by Sanchez-Gomez et al. (2011) for SHL; from the data of MEDATLAS-II (1945–2002 period MEDAR-Group 2002) for \(\varDelta HC;\) from different in situ measurements summarized in Dubois et al. (2012) for GHT. Anomalies (2070–2099 vs. 1961–1990) are represented for the scenario simulations