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Table 2 Components of the freshwater budget averaged over the Mediterranean: P for precipitation, R for river, E for evaporation, B for Black Sea net inflow and GWT for Gibraltar water transport (net, outflow and inflow)

From: Mediterranean Sea response to climate change in an ensemble of twenty first century scenarios

Experiment [mm \(\hbox {d}^{-1}\)] (Sv) P E E–P R B Corr E–P–R–B+corr GWT
Net Out In
OBS-range 0.70–1.63 3.00–3.11 1.37–2.41 0.28–0.39 0.20–0.33   (0.05 ± 0.02) (0.04 ± 0.04) (0.78 ± 0.06) (0.81 ± 0.05)
HIS (1961–1990) 2.48 0.22 0.28 0.20 1.78 (0.050) 1.78 (0.050) (0.80) (0.85)
HIS-F (1961–1990) 1.70 3.94 2.24 0.22 0.28 0.15 1.59 (0.045) 1.59 (0.045) (0.73) (0.77)
  ΔP ΔE ΔE–P ΔR ΔB Δcorr ΔE–P–R–B+corr ΔNet ΔOut ΔIn
A2 (2070–2099) +0.40 −0.06 −0.17 0 +0.63 +0.63 (+0.018) (0) (+0.02)
A2-F (2070–2099) −0.20 +0.49 +0.73 −0.06 −0.17 0 +0.96 +0.96 (+0.027) (−0.01) (+0.02)
A2-RF (2070–2099) −0.20 +0.49 +0.73 −0.05 −0.16 0 +0.94 +0.94 (+0.027) (−0.02) (+0.01)
A2-ARF (2070–2099) −0.20 +0.49 +0.73 −0.05 −0.16 0 +0.94 +0.94 (+0.027) (−0.02) (+0.01)
A1B-ARF (2070–2099) −0.16 +0.41 +0.60 −0.07 −0.15 0 +0.82 +0.82 (+0.023) (−0.03) (0)
B1-ARF (2070–2099) −0.04 +0.33 +0.42 −0.01 −0.07 0 +0.50 +0.50 (+0.014) (−0.02) (0)
  1. The unit is mm \(\hbox {d}^{-1}\), except for values in brackets which are in Sv. The observations range comes from the data-gathering by Sanchez-Gomez et al. (2011) for the P, E and E–P terms ; from Ludwig et al. (2009) and Struglia et al. (2004) for R ; from Lacombe and Tchernia (1972); Stanev et al. (2000) and Kourafalou and Barbopoulos (2003) for B ; from Soto-Navarro et al. (2010) and Soto-Navarro et al. (2014) for GWT and E–P–R–B. For the simulations HIS and A2, the P and E terms were not separated as single model outputs, they are thus not available