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Table 3 Annual (left column of each cell) difference between the C-AER and the C-NO simulation ensemble means in terms of 2m-temperature (°C) and precipitation (mm/day) over northern Africa, the Mediterranean Sea and Europe, as well as SST (°C) over the Mediterranean Sea

From: Direct and semi-direct aerosol radiative effect on the Mediterranean climate variability using a coupled regional climate system model

Parameter Northern Africa Mediterranean Sea Europe
2m-temperature −0.5 −0.5 −0.4 −0.3 −0.4 −0.2
−0.5 −0.4 −0.4
−0.4 −0.4 −0.4
−0.5 −0.4 −0.4
SST    −0.5 −0.4   
   −0.5   
   −0.6   
   −0.5   
Precipitation 0.0 0.0 −0.2 −0.2 −0.1 −0.1
0.0 −0.1 −0.2
−0.1 −0.1 −0.2
0.0 −0.2 −0.1
  1. Seasonal averages (DJF / MAM/JJA/SON) are indicated on the right column of each cell for the same regions and parameters. The confidence interval at the level 0.05 calculated from the ensemble spread is for all the regions and seasons ±0.0 °C for 2m and SST, and ±0.0 mm/day for precipitation