Table 4 Mean transports of mass (Sv) through some critical sections for CNRM-CM5.1 historical runs, NEMO-FOR and NEMO-VAR (over 1970–1999) and observational estimates

From: The CNRM-CM5.1 global climate model: description and basic evaluation

  Observational Reference Estimates CNRM-CM5.1 NEMO-VAR NEMO-FOR
Bering strait Woodgate et al. (2005) 0.8 1.40 1.04 1.12
Denmark strait Macrander et al. (2005) 3.4 3.3 3.7 2.5
Drake passage Cunningham et al. (2003) 136.7 87.2 161.8 148.9
Fram strait Fahrbach et al. (2001) 4.2 1.20 2.12 1.98
Florida strait Baringer and Larsen (2001) 31.75 27.4 19.5 27.2
Iceland-Scotland Hansen and Osterhus (2000) 4.0 4.0 5.2 3.9
Indonesian through flow (ITF) Gordon (2001) 10.0 11.3 13.3 17.3