Table 1 Annual global means of energy budget quantities calculated over 400 years of the pre-industrial control simulations done with CNRM-CM3 and CNRM-CM5.1 and for the 1970–1999 period of the historical simulations compared to observed estimates from Trenberth et al. (2009) in W m−2 (except albedo)

From: The CNRM-CM5.1 global climate model: description and basic evaluation

  PiCTL CM3 PiCTLCM5.1 HIST CM3 HIST CM5.1 TR09 Range of estimated values
Top net solar radiation 232 243 233 244 239.4 224–244
Outgoing LW radiation 232 240 232 240 238.5 233–253
Solar absorbed by the atmosphere 82 77 84 79 78 64–80
Surface incoming solar 174 192 173 189 184
Surface solar reflected 24 25 24 24 23 16–45
Surface net solar 150 167 149 165 161 155–170
Surface albedo (%) 13.2 12.9 13.6 12.8 12.5
Surface incoming LW 331 332 336 336 333 324–345
Surface upward LW 373 391 377 394 396 390–396
Surface Net LW −42 −59 −41 −58 −63 48–72
Sensible heat flux 18 19 17 18 17 15–24
Latent heat flux 90 89 91 88 80 78–90
  1. The last column indicate the range of estimates reported in Trenberth et al. (2009) either based on the ERBE period (1985–1989) or on the CERES period (2000–2004)