Trends in endovascular interventions for pediatric ischemic stroke at the national level: data from 2000 to 2009

Abstract

Purpose

Present knowledge is limited with regard to endovascular and interventional management of pediatric acute ischemic stroke (AIS). The current practice of neurointerventions in this population was analyzed via a national database.

Methods

The Kids’ Inpatient Database for years 2000, 2003, 2006, and 2009 was examined for patients aged < 18 years discharged with a primary diagnosis of AIS and identified according to ICD-9 codes. Descriptive statistics were tabulated on each of the subcohorts.

Results

There were 3467 patients identified; 920 (26.5%) underwent angiograms, 51 (1.5%) angiogram + thrombolysis, and 18 (0.5%) received angiogram + endovascular recanalization. The angiogram only subcohort was significantly younger compared with thrombolysis and endovascular procedure subcohorts (9.8 vs. 12.2 vs. 14.9 years, P < 0.001). Mortality was 4.3%, significantly lower for angiogram only than for thrombolysis (1.1% vs. 18.2%, P < 0.0001). Thrombolysis also had significantly higher hospital charges ($149,045 vs. $64,826, P < 0.0001). While not many differences in outcomes between angiogram only versus endovascular procedures, the latter had higher financial burden ($122,482 vs. $64,826, P < 0.0001).

Conclusions

This national study suggests that children receiving neurointerventions tend to be older (> 12 years) and heart and valvular defects are their most likely comorbidities. There was a lower mortality and fewer complications with endovascular procedures when compared with intravenous/intraarterial thrombolysis alone. Thrombolysis was also associated with more non-routine discharges and lengthier stay.

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FS obtained the data, analyzed the data, wrote the manuscript, and reviewed the manuscript. MN obtained the data and reviewed the manuscript. MA reviewed the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Faris Shweikeh.

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Shweikeh, F., Nuno, M. & Adamo, M. Trends in endovascular interventions for pediatric ischemic stroke at the national level: data from 2000 to 2009. Childs Nerv Syst (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-020-04714-3

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Keywords

  • Endovascular
  • Ischemic
  • Pediatric
  • Cerebrovascular accident