Overactive bladder symptoms in patients undergoing rigid and flexible cystoscopy



To evaluate overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms in patients undergoing diagnostic cystoscopy. Overall changes in the entire study population were assessed, as well as broken down by various subgroups.


A prospective multi-center study among consecutive 450 adults undergoing diagnostic cystoscopy was conducted. OAB-symptoms were evaluated with the validated eight-item OAB Screening Awareness Tool (OAB-V8) immediately before and on days 1, 4, and 7 after cystoscopy. Patients were distinguished between being OAB-negative and OAB-positive (< 8 and ≥ 8 sum-score, respectively). Average sum-scores and subdomains were evaluated.


Before cystoscopy, 44.7% of patients were screened OAB-positive and 55.3% OAB-negative. Out of those being screened negative, development of de-novo OAB was noticed in 16.8%, declining to 8.1% on day 7 (p < 0.001).

In patients being OAB-positive before cystoscopy, a decline of OAB-positivity was noted during follow-up (p < 0.001). No statistically significant differences were noted when broken down by gender (p = 0.92), age (p = 0.82) and type cystoscope (rigid vs. flexible, p = 0.38). Average sum-scores declined from 8.68 before cystoscopy to 6.9 during follow-up. Flexible cystoscopy was superior over rigid in four subdomains: uncomfortable urge to urinate (p = 0.04), sudden urge to urinate with little or no warning (p = 0.02), uncontrollable urge to urinate (p = 0.03), and urine loss associated with a strong desire to void (p = 0.009).


OAB-symptoms are common in patients undergoing cystoscopy. Cystoscopy itself can cause de-novo OAB-symptoms. Controversially, a decline of OAB-symptoms was noted after cystoscopy when patients were screened OAB-positive before cystoscopy. Flexible scopes were superior in some subdomains.

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Correspondence to Zana Saratlija Novakovic.

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Saratlija Novakovic, Z., Puljak, L., Sapunar, D. et al. Overactive bladder symptoms in patients undergoing rigid and flexible cystoscopy. World J Urol 38, 1989–1996 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00345-019-02993-3

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  • Overactive bladder
  • OAB
  • LUTS
  • Cystoscopy