Magnetic properties indicate the sources of hadal sediments in the Yap Trench, northwest Pacific Ocean

Abstract

Magnetic minerals in marine sediments are often masked by the primary natural remanent magnetization and material source signals. In order to understand sedimentary environment and sources of sediments in the abyss, we studied 126 samples of five bottom surface cores collected by the Jiaolong Submersible at 4000–7000 m in depth during the third stage of the China’s 38th Ocean Voyage. The magnetic properties of the sediments were analyzed using Thermosusceptibility (k-T) curves and Day plot. The results show that the magnetic minerals in the sediments of the Yap Trench are mainly maghemite, and the overall magnetic and soft magnetic properties were strong. The magnetic particles of sediments are dominated by pseudo single domains (PSD) grains. The main source of sediment is locally-derived basalt debris and volcanic debris, and the process of sedimentation is gravity-like flow deposition.

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Data Availability Statement

The data that support the findings of this study are available on request from the corresponding author.

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Acknowledgment

The authors would like to thank Professor Wang Weiguo and Dr Liu Jianxing for providing insightful comments on this paper, and the anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments and helpful suggestions, which have improved the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Jichao Yang.

Additional information

Supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) (No. 2015CB755901), the Taishan Scholar Project Funding (No. tspd2016007), the 13th Five-Year Plan Program of the China Ocean Mineral Resources Research and Development Association Research (No. DY135-S2-2-08), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2017M610403), and the National Key R&D Program of China (Nos. 2018YFC0309802, 2018YFC0309903)

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Chen, Y., Yang, J., Dada, O.A. et al. Magnetic properties indicate the sources of hadal sediments in the Yap Trench, northwest Pacific Ocean. J. Ocean. Limnol. 38, 665–678 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00343-019-8370-z

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Keyword

  • magnetic property
  • material resource
  • hadal sediment
  • Yap Trench