Applied Physics B

, 123:64 | Cite as

Upconversion photon quantification of holmium and erbium ions in waveguide-adaptive germanate glasses

  • C. L. Zhu
  • E. Y. B. Pun
  • Z. Q. Wang
  • H. Lin


Visible upconversion photons have been quantified precisely in Ho3+/Yb3+ and Er3+/Yb3+ doped waveguide-adaptive aluminum germanate (NMAG) glasses, and effective red and green upconversion emissions generated from Ho3+ and Er3+ were illustrated in contrast. The emission photon numbers are identified as a positive correlation with the laser power densities, and stronger dominance of red emission in the Ho3+/Yb3+ doped NMAG glasses and more effectiveness of photon generation in Er3+/Yb3+ doped case were proved. When the power density is 1227 W/cm2, the absolute quantum yields for red and green (660 and 548 nm) upconversion fluorescences are derived to be 2.41 × 10−5 and 0.17 × 10−5 in Ho3+/Yb3+ doped NMAG glasses, and the ones (665 and 548 nm) in Er3+/Yb3+ doped NMAG glasses are 4.26 × 10−5 and 1.44 × 10−5. The macroscopic quantization of red and green upconversion emissions in Ho3+/Yb3+ and Er3+/Yb3+ doped waveguide-adaptive NMAG glasses provides the original referenced data for developing upconversion waveguide-typed irradiation light sources.


Upconversion fluorescence Photon quantification Germanate glasses Holmium and erbium ions Quantum yield 



This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (61275057) and the Natural Science Foundation of Liaoning Province (2015020179).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. L. Zhu
    • 1
    • 2
  • E. Y. B. Pun
    • 2
  • Z. Q. Wang
    • 1
  • H. Lin
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Textile and Material EngineeringDalian Polytechnic UniversityDalianChina
  2. 2.Department of Electronic Engineering and State Key Laboratory of Millimeter WavesCity University of Hong KongKowloonChina

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