Applied Physics A

, 124:399 | Cite as

Growth and characterization of barium complex of 1,3,5-triazinane-2,4,6-trione in gel: a corrosion inhibiting material

  • R. Divya
  • Lekshmi P. Nair
  • B. R. Bijini
  • C. M. K. Nair
  • K. Rajendra Babu
Article
  • 44 Downloads

Abstract

Good quality prismatic crystals of industrially applicable corrosion inhibiting barium complex of 1,3,5-triazinane-2,4,6-trione have been grown by conventional gel method. The crystal structure, packing, and nature of bonds are revealed in the single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The crystal has a three-dimensional polymeric structure having a triclinic crystal system with the space group P-1. The powder X-ray diffraction analysis confirms its crystalline nature. The functional groups present in the crystal are identified by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Elemental analysis confirms the stoichiometry of the elements present in the complex. Thermogravimetric analysis and differential thermal analysis reveal its good thermal stability. The optical properties like band gap, refractive index and extinction coefficient are evaluated from the UV–visible spectral analysis. The singular property of the material, corrosion inhibition efficiency achieved by the adsorption of the sample molecules is determined by the weight loss method.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The corresponding author (K. Rajendra Babu) is grateful to Kerala State Council for Science, Technology and Environment (1009/2016/KSCSTE), Govt. of Kerala for awarding the Emeritus Scientist fellowship. The authors thank STIC, Cochin University of Science and Technology for providing facilities for various analyses. We are also grateful to STIC, SAIF, IIT Madras for providing us with single crystal XRD data. The authors also thank Dr. Archana S. R., Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, S N College for Women, Kollam for giving suggestions regarding the corrosion inhibition study.

References

  1. 1.
    A. Morozan, F. Jaouen, Energ. Environ. Sci. 5, 9269 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. G. Ladha, P. M. Wadhwani, S. Thakur, M. Lone, P. C. Jha, N. K. Shah, Anal. Bioanal. Electrochem 7, 59 (2015)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Sahin, S. Bilgic, H. Yılmaz, Appl. Surf. Sci. 195, 1 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Mistri, S. Garcia-Granda, E. Zangrando, S.C. Manna, Indian J. Chem. 53A, 135 (2014)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    I. Reva, Spectrochim. Acta Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc 151, 232 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. A. Wojtowicz, J. Swim. Pool Spa India, 4,9 (2001)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. J. Christmann, B.W.G. Deichert, N.Y. Flushing, Serial no. 612955, now patent no. 2830020, filed on 1 Oct 1956Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    L. A. Bryan, W.A. Tidridge, Serial no. 129983, now patent no. 3215660, filed on 8 Aug 1961Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    L.A. Bryan, W.A. Tidridge, Serial no. 129958, now patent no. 3137583, filed on 8 Aug 1961Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    C.-Z. Chen, Z.-B. Lin, J.-Q. Shi, X.-Y. Huan, D.-S. Gao, D. Li, H.-Y. Jiang, Chin. J. Struct. Chem. 13, 468 (1994)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Kalmutzki, M. Ströbele, H.F. Bettinger, H.-J. Meyer, Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2014(15), 2536 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    BRUKER AXS, APEX2 User Manual version 1.22, BrukerAXSInc., Madison, 2004Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. Altornare, G. Cascarano, C. Gracovazzo, A. Guagliardi, J. Appl. Cryst. 26, 343 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    G.M. Sheldrick, A short history of SHELX. Acta Crystallogr. Sect. A 64, 112 (2008)ADSCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. Surinwong, T.J. Prior, A. Rujiwatra, Chiang Mai J. Sci. 41(2), 414 (2014)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. Husain, C.L. Oliver, CrystEngComm 16, 3749 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    B. Parmar, K. Kumarbisht, P. Maiti, P. Paul, E. Suresh, J. Chem. Sci. 126, 1373 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    P.J. Rosado, K. Ruhlandt-Senge, J. Coord. Chem 64, 186 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    L.N. Ambroladze, T.D. Turkadze, G.A. Alpaidze, M.I. Apkhadze, Russ. J. Inorg. Chem. 53, 1212 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. Newman, R.N. Badger, 1661 From the Gates and Crellin Laboratories of Chemistry, California Institute of technology, PasadenaGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    L.P. Nair, B.R. Bijini, S. Prasanna, S.M. Eapen, C.M.K. Nair, M. Deepa, K. Rajendra Babu, Spectrochim. Acta Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 137, 778 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. Tabatabaee, B.-M. Kukovec, S. Amjad, M.R. Shishebor, Aust. J. Chem, 69, 1261 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    I.P. Bincy, R. Gopalakrishnan, J. Cryst. Growth 402, 22 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    G. Peramaiyan, P. Pandi, N. Vijayan, G. Bhargavannarayana, R. Mohan Kumar, Optik 124, 4058 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    P.S. Latha Mageshwari, R. Priya, S. Krishnan, V. Joseph, S. Jerome Das, Opt. Laser Technol. 85, 66 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    E.E. Oguzie, Corros. Sci. 49, 1527 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Divya
    • 1
  • Lekshmi P. Nair
    • 1
  • B. R. Bijini
    • 1
  • C. M. K. Nair
    • 1
  • K. Rajendra Babu
    • 1
  1. 1.PG Department and Research Centre in Physics, Mahatma Gandhi CollegeUniversity of KeralaThiruvananthapuramIndia

Personalised recommendations