Polymer Bulletin

, Volume 76, Issue 5, pp 2367–2386 | Cite as

Exfoliated graphene-dispersed poly (lactic acid)-based nanocomposite sensors for ethanol detection

  • Gourhari Chakraborty
  • G. PugazhenthiEmail author
  • Vimal KatiyarEmail author
Original Paper


This article demonstrates the utilization of exfoliated graphene (GR) for fabrication of conductive PLA/GR nanocomposites which are characterized by using XRD, FESEM and impedance analysis. Optimum loading is found to be 1.7 wt% GR when the impedance is drastically reduced to 105 Ω with respect to pure PLA (1011 Ω). Impedance of the composites is further gradually reduced to 104 Ω range for higher GR loading up to 3 wt%. A new concept of equivalent polymer length is introduced for the impedance behaviour of the composites. Further, the composite films are exposed as sensing element for ethanol detection using state-of-the-art designed sensing platform. However, composite containing 2.5 wt% GR loading shows the most stable conductivity and has been taken as the model composite film which yields good sensitivity and high selectivity for ethanol. Sensitivity is dependent on diffusion of ethanol molecule into the composite which leads to removal of amorphous PLA. In addition, the composite shows reusability of films for at least five cycles, and the results from different composite batches are also found reproducible in nature.


PLA Exfoliated graphene Impedance Ethanol Sensor 



Authors would also like to express their sincere gratitude to the Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Polymers (CoESuSPol) funded by the Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals, Government of India, and the Central Instruments Facility, Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati, India, for the research and analytical facilities.

Supplementary material

289_2018_2494_MOESM1_ESM.doc (148 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 148 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia

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