Polymer Bulletin

, Volume 75, Issue 11, pp 5197–5216 | Cite as

Preparation, characterization, and bioactivity of the polyester and tea waste green composites

  • Chin-San Wu
Original Paper


The structural, morphological, cytocompatibility, and biological properties of composites of poly(butylene succinate-co-adipate) (PBSA) and waste black tea fiber (WBTF) were evaluated. To improve the interface adhesion of PBSA/WBTF composites, glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) was used as a compatibilizer for the blending of PBSA and WBTF. The tensile property of PBSA-g-GMA/WBTF composites was higher than that of PBSA/WBTF composites. To assess cytocompatibility, normal human foreskin fibroblasts (FBs) were seeded onto each type of composites. Results of the FB proliferation assays indicated higher cytocompatibility of PBSA/WBTF composites than of PBSA-g-GMA/WBTF composites. Apoptosis was not observed during the assays of FB proliferation on the PBSA-series composites, demonstrating the potential of PBSA/WBTF and PBSA-g-GMA/WBTF composites for biomedical applications. Moreover, WBTF enhanced the anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-microbial activities of the composites. Both the PBSA/WBTF and the PBSA-g-GMA/WBTF composites showed a better biological activity than the PBSA.


Poly(butylene succinate adipate) Waste black tea powder Cytocompatibility Bioactivity 



The author thanks the Ministry of Science and Technology (Taipei City, Taiwan, R.O.C.) for financial support (MOST- 106-2221-E-244 -008 -MY2).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied CosmetologyKao Yuan UniversityKaohsiung CityRepublic of China

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