Polymer Bulletin

, Volume 75, Issue 11, pp 5269–5285 | Cite as

Surface morphology of chlorine and castor oil-based polyurethane–urea coatings

  • Shaik Allauddin
  • Varaprasad Somisetti
  • Ramanuj Narayan
  • Raju V. S. N. KothapalliEmail author
Original Paper


The present work deals with surface properties of chlorine containing polyurethane–urea (PU–urea)-coating films. First, isocyanate-terminated pre-polymers were synthesized using castor oil as renewable resource, isophorone diisocyanate, and different weight percentages of 2-chloroethanol and 2,2,2-trichloroethanol. The resultant isocyanate-terminated pre-polymers were cured under atmospheric moisture to obtain chlorine containing PU–urea coatings. The surface properties of the coating films were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction. All characterization techniques suggest that the presence of chlorine species on the surface results in different surface properties when compared to control PU–urea (without the chlorine group)-coating film surface. The viscoelastic, swelling, and contact angle (CA) properties were studied for the prepared coating films. The glass-transition temperatures (Tg) were obtained in the region 29.2–35 °C for the coating films. Tg increased by increasing the chlorine content in polyurethane-coating formulations. The CA for the coating films was found to be in the range of 76°–64° and these properties were found to be decreased with increase in the weight percent content of the chlorine moiety in the final coating formulation. Similarly, the higher chlorine content-coating films have shown more water uptake properties. The overall comparative results indicate that the chlorine containing PU–urea-coating films have different surface-coating properties and these depend upon the chlorine content in the final coating formulation as compared with PU–urea surfaces.


Castor oil IPDI Chlorine Contact angle SEM AFM 



The authors would like to thank Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi and Director, CSIR-IICT for financial support in the form of a research fellowship. The present research was supported by CSIR under the Intel-Coat Project (CSC-0114).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Polymers and Functional Materials DivisionIndian Institute of Chemical TechnologyHyderabadIndia

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