Surface morphology of chlorine and castor oil-based polyurethane–urea coatings
- 59 Downloads
The present work deals with surface properties of chlorine containing polyurethane–urea (PU–urea)-coating films. First, isocyanate-terminated pre-polymers were synthesized using castor oil as renewable resource, isophorone diisocyanate, and different weight percentages of 2-chloroethanol and 2,2,2-trichloroethanol. The resultant isocyanate-terminated pre-polymers were cured under atmospheric moisture to obtain chlorine containing PU–urea coatings. The surface properties of the coating films were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction. All characterization techniques suggest that the presence of chlorine species on the surface results in different surface properties when compared to control PU–urea (without the chlorine group)-coating film surface. The viscoelastic, swelling, and contact angle (CA) properties were studied for the prepared coating films. The glass-transition temperatures (Tg) were obtained in the region 29.2–35 °C for the coating films. Tg increased by increasing the chlorine content in polyurethane-coating formulations. The CA for the coating films was found to be in the range of 76°–64° and these properties were found to be decreased with increase in the weight percent content of the chlorine moiety in the final coating formulation. Similarly, the higher chlorine content-coating films have shown more water uptake properties. The overall comparative results indicate that the chlorine containing PU–urea-coating films have different surface-coating properties and these depend upon the chlorine content in the final coating formulation as compared with PU–urea surfaces.
KeywordsCastor oil IPDI Chlorine Contact angle SEM AFM
The authors would like to thank Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi and Director, CSIR-IICT for financial support in the form of a research fellowship. The present research was supported by CSIR under the Intel-Coat Project (CSC-0114).
- 3.Marques Pereira-Júnior OC, Rahal SC, Iamaguti P, Felisbino SL, Pavan PT, Vulcano LC (2007) Comparison between polyurethanes containing castor oil (soft segment) and cancellous bone autograft in the treatment of segmental bone defect induced in rabbits. J Biomater Appl 21:283–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 4.Woods G (1990) The ICI polyurethanes book, 2nd edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 12.Janik H, Vancso J (2005) The influence of hard segment crosslinking on the morphology and mechanical properties of segmented poly (ester-urethanes). Polimery 50:139–142Google Scholar
- 21.Raynor RJ (1992) Olin Corporation, assignee. Chlorination of amide containing oligomers and polymers. United States patent US 5,093,431Google Scholar
- 22.John Wiley & Sons (2008) Characterization and analysis of polymers. Wiley, HobokenGoogle Scholar
- 30.Smalley RK, Wakeld BJ (1970) Correlation tables for infrared spectra. Pergamon Press, New York, pp 165–195Google Scholar
- 41.Kovacevic V, Kljajie-Malinovic LJ, Smit I, Bravar M, Agic A, Cerovecki Z (1990) Adhesive composition systems in degradative conditions. Adhesion, vol 14. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 126–160Google Scholar
- 42.Zia KM, Barikani M, Zuber M, Bhatti IA, Bhatti HN (2008) Morphological studies of polyurethane elastomers extended with alpha, omega alkane diols. Iran Polym J 17:61–72Google Scholar