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Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology

, Volume 70, Issue 4, pp 503–511 | Cite as

A phase 1 study of vinflunine in combination with trastuzumab for the treatment for HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer

  • R. Paridaens
  • O. Rixe
  • M. C. Pinel
  • H. Wildiers
  • G. Zorza
  • P. FerréEmail author
  • H. Roche
Original Article

Abstract

Objective

To determine the recommended dose (RD) of vinflunine in combination with trastuzumab in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) and to investigate potential pharmacokinetic (PK) interactions.

Patients and methods

In the first part of the study, two dose levels of vinflunine given every 3 weeks were explored (280 and 320 mg/m2) combined with trastuzumab (4 mg/kg loading dose and 2 mg/kg weekly). For each level of dose, six patients were enrolled to determine the RD for phase 2 studies (RP2S). In the second part of the study, 18 additional patients at RP2S have been evaluated to confirm safety and investigate preliminary antitumor activity.

Results

The RD was 320 mg/m2 according to the dose escalation plan. Eleven of 15 additional patients who received this dose experienced dose-limiting toxicities, leading to a reduction in the RD to 280 mg/m2. When compared to prior trials when vinflunine was used as a single agent, neither vinflunine total blood clearance nor trastuzumab serum concentrations were modified when the drugs were combined. All patients were evaluable, and the overall response rate was 73.3 % (95 % CI 54.1–87.7). The median progression-free survival was 11.3 months (95 % CI 9.4–21.0). At the dose of 280 mg/m2, grade 3–4 neutropenia were seen in 4 patients (44.4 %) without febrile neutropenia. Non-hematologic grade 4 toxicities were not reported while grade 3 peripheral sensory neuropathy concerned 2 patients (22.2 %).

Conclusion

The RD of vinflunine in combination with the standard regimen of trastuzumab is 280 mg/m2 every 3 weeks. No mutual PK drug–drug interaction was seen. This regimen appears to be active with a favorable safety profile. Its role in HER2-positive MBC treatment needs to be defined in prospective comparative clinical trials.

Keywords

HER2 Metastatic breast cancer Phase I Trastuzumab Vinflunine Pharmacokinetics 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Paridaens
    • 1
  • O. Rixe
    • 2
  • M. C. Pinel
    • 3
  • H. Wildiers
    • 1
  • G. Zorza
    • 3
  • P. Ferré
    • 3
    Email author
  • H. Roche
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of General Medical Oncology, Leuven Cancer InstituteUniversity Hospitals Borst CentrumLeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.Hôpital Pitié-SalpêtrièreParisFrance
  3. 3.Institut de Recherche Pierre FabreToulouse Cedex 01France
  4. 4.Institut Claudius RegaudToulouseFrance

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