Clinical impact of galectin-3 in newly diagnosed t (15;17)(q22;q21)/PML-RARa acute promyelocytic leukemia treated with all-trans retinoic acid and arsenic trioxide-based regimens
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Increased galectin-3 expression has been currently showed to be associated with poor prognosis in some hematological malignancies, such as acute myeloid leukemia, diffuse large B cell lymphoma. However, little is known about the clinical significance of galectin-3 in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). We investigated the concentration of serum galectin-3 and characterized the relationship between galectin-3 and outcome in patients with APL. Higher galectin-3 levels were detected in patients with APL compared with the healthy controls (p < 0.001). Higher galectin-3 levels were closely associated with older ages (p < 0.001), the medical history of psoriasis (p = 0.036), coagulopathy (p = 0.042), and CD34 expression (p = 0.004). Compared with patients with lower galectin-3 levels, those with higher galectin-3 levels had significant shorter overall survival (p = 0.028) and relapse-free survival (p = 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that serum galectin-3 was an independent unfavorable factor for relapse-free survival in patients with APL treated with all-trans retinoic acid and arsenic trioxide-based frontline therapy. Clinical impact of galectin-3 should be further investigated in patients with APL.
KeywordsAcute promyelocytic leukemia Galectin-3 Prognosis Relapse Overall survival
This work was supported by the Medical and Health science and Technology Development Program (2015WS0508) of Shandong and Binzhou Medical University Scientific Research Fund (BY2013KJ38).
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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