A sling of a normal right inferior vena cava around the abdominal aorta

Abstract

Variations in the anatomy of inferior vena cava (IVC) may have important clinical implications. In-depth knowledge of its embryology and variations are of fundamental importance to prevent any potential medical complications related to anatomic variations of the IVC. In this article, we described a previously unreported, to the best of our knowledge, a variation of IVC. In the case we presented, the IVC was seen almost completely encircling the abdominal aorta. We decided to call this anatomic variation as “a sling of a normal right IVC around the abdominal aorta”. Cross-sectional imaging is a prompt and highly reliable method to evaluate IVC anatomy and may have significant clinical importance to prevent any potential complications related to IVC during surgery or interventional radiology procedures.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig.1
Fig.2

References

  1. 1.

    Abernethy J (1793) Account of two instances of uncommon formation in the viscera of the human body. Philos Trans R Soc 83:59–66. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstl.1793.0010

  2. 2.

    Bass JE, Redwine MD, Kramer LA, Huynh PT, Harris JH Jr (2000) Spectrum of congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava: cross-sectional imaging findings. Radiographics 20(3):639–652. https://doi.org/10.1148/radiographics.20.3.g00ma09639 (PMID: 10835118)

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Chee YL, Culligan DJ, Watson HG (2001) Inferior vena cava malformation as a risk factor for deep venous thrombosis in the young. Br J Haematol 114(4):878–880. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2141.2001.03025.x (PMID: 11564079)

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Edwards EA (1951) Clinical anatomy of lesser variations of the inferior vena cava; and a proposal for classifying the anomalies of this vessel. Angiology 2(2):85–99. https://doi.org/10.1177/000331975100200201 (PMID: 14819704)

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Koc Z, Ulusan S, Oguzkurt L, Tokmak N (2007) Venous variants and anomalies on routine abdominal multi-detector row CT. Eur J Radiol 61(2):267–278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2006.09.008 (PMID: 17049792)

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Malaki M, Willis AP, Jones RG (2012) Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava. ClinRadiol 67(2):165–171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crad.2011.08.006 (PMID: 22070941)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Maxwell EV, Erwin GS (1928) Four cases of anomalous inferior vena cava with an explanation of their developmental origin. J Anat 62:184–197 (PMID: 17104183)

    CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    McClure CFW, Butler EG (1925) The development of the vena cava inferior in man. Am J Anat 35(3):331–383. https://doi.org/10.1002/aja.1000350302

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Shin DS, Sandstrom CK, Ingraham CR, Monroe EJ, Johnson GE (2019) The inferior vena cava: a pictorial review of embryology, anatomy, pathology, and interventions. AbdomRadiol (NY) 44(7):2511–2527. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-019-01988-3 (PMID: 30937506)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Spentzouris G, Zandian A, Cesmebasi A, Kinsella CR, Muhleman M, Mirzayan N et al (2014) The clinical anatomy of the inferior vena cava: a review of common congenital anomalies and considerations for clinicians. ClinAnat 27(8):1234–1243. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22445 (PMID: 25042045)

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

ADK: manuscript writing, data collection, and image collection. SAD: manuscript editing, image collection, and preparation. DA: manuscript editing, data collection, and image collection. MNO: manuscript editing, data collection, and image collection. MK: manuscript editing, data collection, and image collection.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ali Devrim Karaosmanoglu.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Karaosmanoglu, A.D., Ardali Duzgun, S., Akata, D. et al. A sling of a normal right inferior vena cava around the abdominal aorta. Surg Radiol Anat (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00276-021-02693-x

Download citation

Keywords

  • Imaging
  • Inferior vena cava
  • Anatomic variation