Efficacy of Mechanical Thrombectomy Using Stent Retriever and Balloon-Guiding Catheter
Intra-arterial therapy of acute ischemic stroke has developed rapidly in recent years. Due to proven efficacy in randomized trials, stent retrievers were replacing first-generation thrombectomy devices and have been defined as method of choice. However, aspiration catheters or a combination of several techniques have shown promising rates of successful recanalizations. To create a basis for comparison of the new approaches according to real-world data, we determined the first pass recanalization rate of an evidence-based standard technique with the use of a stent retriever in combination with a balloon-guiding catheter. The assessment was based on the number of required passages and reperfusion rate, but not on clinical results.
Patients from our institution with anterior circulation occlusions and mechanical thrombectomy by using stent retrievers in combination with balloon-guiding catheters were analyzed retrospectively. Reperfusion was graded with the “thrombolysis in cerebral infarction” (TICI) classification on post-interventional angiograms. Additionally, the number of passes and the duration of the recanalization procedure were recorded.
Between 2014 and July 2017, 201 patients met the inclusion criteria. Successful recanalization, defined as a TICI scale 2b/3, was 91% (TICI 2b was achieved in 44% and TICI 3 in 47%) after the procedure. After the first passage, successful recanalization was achieved in 65% of the patients. Mean number of passes was 1.4 (1–5 passes) for all patients. Median duration of the procedure was 49 min (0:11–2:35 h).
Even a standard thrombectomy technique with the use of a stent retriever together with a balloon-guiding catheter provides reasonable recanalization rates with only one passage. The results can be taken as benchmark for alternative and more complex techniques.
KeywordsStroke Acute Endovascular therapy Thrombectomy Stent retriever thrombectomy
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
For this type of study formal consent is not required.
Written informed consent was waived by the institutional review board.
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