Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp 489–496 | Cite as

Spectroscopic study of synthetic hydrothermal Fe3+-bearing beryl

  • Michail N. Taran
  • M. Darby Dyar
  • Vladimir M. Khomenko
Original Paper


A synthetic hydrothermal beryl Fe-4-51, investigated previously by Taran and Rossman (Am Miner 86:973–980, 2001), was additionally studied by microprobe, Mössbauer, optical absorption, Raman and IR spectroscopy. For comparison, polarized spectra of natural blue aquamarine and Cr3+, Fe3+-bearing alexandrite, both from Brazil, are also presented. Fe-4-51 is a nearly pure Fe3+-bearing beryl, with a homogeneous composition as shown by electron microprobe. Averaging over 22 points gives a formula of Be3.07(Al1.94,\({\text{Fe}}_{{{\text{0.07}}}}^{{{\text{3}}+}}\))Σ=2.01Si5.95O18, with Fe3+ replacing Al3+ in the octahedral site of the structure. The Mössbauer spectrum is dominated by a broad disordered pattern with beryl-suitable parameters; for Fe2+, IS = 1.21 mm/s, QS = 2.71 mm/s, area ≈ 5% and for Fe3+, IS = 0.34 mm/s, QS = 0.71 mm/s, and area ≈ 67%—are distinguished overlying a broad disordered continuum. The optical absorption spectrum is typical of octahedral Fe3+. From it, the crystal field strength Dq is derived as ~ 1520 cm−1 and the values of Racah parameters of interelectronic repulsion B and C are found to be 665 and 3415 cm−1, respectively. This rather low B value, compared with that of a free Fe3+ ion, 814 cm−1, suggests a comparatively high degree of covalency in the octahedral Fe3+–O bond. Infrared spectra show the presence of channel H2O of both I and II structural type in comparable quantities, about 0.5 and 1 mass%, respectively. Raman data show the expected five bands in the energy range from 300 to 1200 cm−1.


Beryl Microprobe composition Mössbauer spectroscopy Optical absorption spectroscopy Raman spectra IR spectra 



The authors are thankful to Joseph Boesenberg, Providence, USA, for microprobe analysis of the sample; Elizabeth Sklute for assistance with Mössbauer fitting; Laura Breitenfeld for measuring Raman spectra (South Hadley, Massachusetts) and two anonymous reviewers, whose constructive critiques, advises and suggestions helped to significantly improve the paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michail N. Taran
    • 1
  • M. Darby Dyar
    • 2
  • Vladimir M. Khomenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore FormationNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineKiev-142Ukraine
  2. 2.Mount Holyoke CollegeSouth HadleyUSA

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