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A Comparative Analysis of Bioeconomy Development in European Union Countries


Knowledge-based and innovative bioeconomy is a cornerstone for achieving the goals of the European Green Deal. Due to its comprehensive coverage, bioeconomy performance is challenging to assess unambiguously. This paper presents the results of a cross-country comparison of 22 EU countries applying the Complex Bioeconomy Sustainability Index for 2012–2018. Results were compared with results of the TOPSIS multi-criteria decision-making method on national bioeconomy strategies in Finland, France, Spain, Italy, Ireland, and Latvia. The research aims to combine a quantitative assessment of bioeconomy output indicators with a qualitative evaluation of bioeconomy strategies of EU Member States.

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This research is funded by the Latvian Council of Science, project Bioeconomy in the shade of Green Deal (BioDeal), project No. lzp-2020/2-0321.

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Correspondence to Kristiāna Dolge, Lauma Balode, Krista Laktuka, Vladimirs Kirsanovs, Aiga Barisa or Anna Kubule.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Dolge, K., Balode, L., Laktuka, K. et al. A Comparative Analysis of Bioeconomy Development in European Union Countries. Environmental Management 71, 215–233 (2023).

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  • Bioeconomy
  • Indicators
  • Multi-criteria
  • European Green Deal
  • Circular economy