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Environmental Management

, Volume 61, Issue 4, pp 687–699 | Cite as

Multi-scale Homogenization of Caddisfly Metacomminities in Human-modified Landscapes

  • Juliana Simião-Ferreira
  • Denis Silva Nogueira
  • Anna Claudia Santos
  • Paulo De MarcoJr.
  • Ronaldo Angelini
Article
  • 176 Downloads

Abstract

The multiple scale of stream networks spatial organization reflects the hierarchical arrangement of streams habitats with increasingly levels of complexity from sub-catchments until entire hydrographic basins. Through these multiple spatial scales, local stream habitats form nested subsets of increasingly landscape scale and habitat size with varying contributions of both alpha and beta diversity for the regional diversity. Here, we aimed to test the relative importance of multiple nested hierarchical levels of spatial scales while determining alpha and beta diversity of caddisflies in regions with different levels of landscape degradation in a core Cerrado area in Brazil. We used quantitative environmental variables to test the hypothesis that landscape homogenization affects the contribution of alpha and beta diversity of caddisflies to regional diversity. We found that the contribution of alpha and beta diversity for gamma diversity varied according to landscape degradation. Sub-catchments with more intense agriculture had lower diversity at multiple levels, markedly alpha and beta diversities. We have also found that environmental predictors mainly associated with water quality, channel size, and habitat integrity (lower scores indicate stream degradation) were related to community dissimilarity at the catchment scale. For an effective management of the headwater biodiversity of caddisfly, towards the conservation of these catchments, heterogeneous streams with more pristine riparian vegetation found within the river basin need to be preserved in protected areas. Additionally, in the most degraded areas the restoration of riparian vegetation and size increase of protected areas will be needed to accomplish such effort.

Keywords

Additive partitioning Stream networks Land use Aquatic insect 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank “Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior” (CAPES) for the doctoral student scholarship for the first and second authors, and to the Universidade Estadual de Goiás for the support received from the “Programa de Bolsa de Incentivo à Pesquisa” (PROBIP). We would like to thank Daniel Paiva Silva for the text improvements in previous versions of this manuscript. We thank to anonymous reviewers and the editor for their comments that helped to improve the quality of the paper. Finally, we also would like to thank our colleagues and students Maysa Farias de Almeida Araújo and Anderson Cleiton Dias for field and laboratory assistance.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

267_2017_989_MOESM1_ESM.docx (22 kb)
Supplementary Material

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juliana Simião-Ferreira
    • 1
  • Denis Silva Nogueira
    • 2
  • Anna Claudia Santos
    • 3
  • Paulo De MarcoJr.
    • 4
  • Ronaldo Angelini
    • 5
  1. 1.Laboratório de Pesquisas Ecológicas e Educação CientíficaUniversidade Estadual de GoiásAnápolisBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto Federal de EducaçãoCiência e Tecnologia de Mato Grosso–IFMTCuiabáBrazil
  3. 3.Laboratório de Processamento de Imagens e Geoprocessamento–LAPIGUniversidade Federal de GoiásGoiâniaBrazil
  4. 4.Departamento de EcologiaUniversidade Federal de Goiás–UFGGoiâniaBrazil
  5. 5.Departamento de Engenharia CivilUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte – UFRNNatalBrazil

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