Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 42, Issue 3, pp 886–890 | Cite as

Education on the Business of Plastic Surgery During Training: A Survey of Plastic Surgery Residents

  • Steven A. Ovadia
  • Kriya Gishen
  • Urmen Desai
  • Alejandro M. Garcia
  • Seth R. Thaller
Original Article Special Topics



Entrepreneurial skills are important for physicians, especially plastic surgeons. Nevertheless, these skills are not typically emphasized during residency training.


Evaluate the extent of business training at plastic surgery residency programs as well as means of enhancing business training.


A 6-question online survey was sent to plastic surgery program directors for distribution to plastic surgery residents. Responses from residents at the PGY2 level and above were included for analysis. Tables were prepared to present survey results.


Hundred and sixty-six residents including 147 PGY2 and above residents responded to our survey. Only 43.5% reported inclusion of business training in their plastic surgery residency. A majority of residents reported they do not expect on graduation to be prepared for the business aspects of plastic surgery. Additionally, a majority of residents feel establishment of a formal lecture series on the business of plastic surgery would be beneficial.


Results from our survey indicate limited training at plastic surgery programs in necessary business skills. Plastic surgery residency programs should consider incorporating or enhancing elements of business training in their curriculum.

Level of Evidence V

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors


Plastic surgery Business Training Residency Entrepreneur 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

None of the authors has a financial interest in any of the products, devices, or drugs mentioned in this manuscript.


  1. 1.
    Zarrabi B, Burce KK, Seal SM, Lifchez SD, Redett RJ, Frick KD, Dorafshar AH, Cooney CM (2017) Business education for plastic surgeons: a systematic review, development, and implementation of a business principles curriculum in a residency program. Plast Reconstr Surg 139(5):1263–1271. PubMed PMID: 28098712 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kane C, Emmons D (2014) New data on physician practice arrangements: private practice remains strong despite shifts toward hospital employment. Am Med Assoc 4:1–16Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rohrich RJ, McGrath MH, Lawrence TW (2008) ASPS plastic surgery workforce task force; AAMC center for workforce studies. Plast Reconstr Surg 121(4):1458–1474. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    2012 Average Surgeon/Physician Fees (2014) American Society of Plastic Surgeons, n.d. Web. 11 May 2014Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    ASPS Advertising Policy (2014) American Society of Plastic Surgeons, n.d. Web. 11 May 2014.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Advertising Requirements (2014) The American Board of Plastic Surgery, n.d. Web. 11 May 2014Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Levin LS (2010) The business of academic plastic surgery. Plast Reconstr Surg 126(1):303–307. PubMed PMID: 20595876 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Korman JM, Heather JF (eds) (2010) The business of plastic surgery: navigating a successful career. World Scientific, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Buford GA, House SE (2010) Beauty and the business. Morgan James Publishing, New York CityGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Branford OA, Kamali P, Rohrich RJ, Song DH, Mallucci P, Liu DZ, Lang D, Sun K, Stubican M, Lin SJ (2016) #PlasticSurgery. Plast Reconstr Surg 138(6):1354–1365 PubMed PMID: 27879607 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sorice SC, Li AY, Gilstrap J, Canales FL, Furnas HJ (2017) Social media and the plastic surgery patient. Plast Reconstr Surg. 140(5):1047–1056. PubMed PMID: 29068943 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    The Business of Launching Your Practice (2017) ASAPS residents’ symposium—New York, NY. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Dec. 2017.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Davidson EH, Barker JC, Egro FM, Krajewski A, Janis JE, Nguyen VT (2017) A National Curriculum of Fundamental Skills for Plastic Surgery Residency: report of the inaugural ACAPS Boot Camp. Ann Plast Surg 78(2):121–126. PubMed PMID: 28009599 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven A. Ovadia
    • 1
  • Kriya Gishen
    • 1
  • Urmen Desai
    • 1
  • Alejandro M. Garcia
    • 1
  • Seth R. Thaller
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery, DeWitt-Daughtry Family Department of SurgeryUniversity of Miami, Leonard Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA

Personalised recommendations