Advanced monoenergetic reconstruction technique for dual-energy computed tomography to evaluate endoleaks after endovascular stent-graft placement

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate the usefulness of the advanced monoenergetic imaging (AMI) reconstruction technique for dual-energy computed tomography to evaluate endoleaks after endovascular stent-graft placement.

Materials and methods

Ninety-five dual-phase (early and delayed phases) enhanced CT examinations were performed for 60 patients who underwent endovascular stent-graft placement. AM images were reconstructed at 40 keV and compared with the standard 120-kVp images (SI). The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of the aorta and endoleak were measured. Two radiologists subjectively assessed endoleak delineation and contrast enhancement conditions using a 5-point Likert scale (1: poor—5: excellent).

Results

Mean SNRs of the aorta were higher by AMI (early; 34.7 ± 10.2 [SD], delay; 11.4 ± 3.2) than by SI (early; 23.1 ± 6.3, delay; 8.6 ± 2.2) (P < 0.001). SNRs of the endoleak were higher by AMI (early; 26.3 ± 7.5, delay; 10.5 ± 3.1) than by SI (early; 18.2 ± 4.7, delay; 8.3 ± 2.1) (P < 0.001). CNRs by AMI (early; 32.9 ± 9.8, delay; 8.9 ± 2.8) were higher than those by SI (early; 19.5 ± 6.0, delay; 4.7 ± 1.6) in both phases (P < 0.001). Endoleak delineation and contrast enhancement conditions by AMI (4.4 ± 1.0 and 4.5 ± 0.6) were higher than those by SI (3.4 ± 1.0 and 3.3 ± 0.8) in the delayed phase (P < 0.001). There was no difference in the early phase.

Conclusion

AMI may be useful for evaluating endoleaks after endovascular stent-graft placement.

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Correspondence to Masashi Shimohira.

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Sawada, Y., Shimohira, M., Nakagawa, M. et al. Advanced monoenergetic reconstruction technique for dual-energy computed tomography to evaluate endoleaks after endovascular stent-graft placement. Abdom Radiol 45, 2569–2575 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-020-02602-7

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