Abdominal Radiology

, Volume 43, Issue 11, pp 3054–3059 | Cite as

Splenosis: a great mimicker of neoplastic disease

  • Yasmeen K. TandonEmail author
  • Christopher P. Coppa
  • Andrei S. Purysko
Pictorial essay


Splenosis is a benign condition that can occur after splenic trauma or after surgery involving the spleen. These splenic implants are most often seen within the abdominal and pelvic cavities. On imaging, splenosis can be confused with multiple additional entities including metastatic disease, peritoneal carcinomatosis, peritoneal mesothelioma, abdominal lymphoma, renal cancer, hepatic adenomas, or endometriosis depending on its distribution. In all patients with history of splenic surgery or trauma, splenosis should be on the differential diagnosis of soft tissue nodules in the abdomen and pelvis, especially in the absence of systemic symptoms, to avoid unnecessary biopsy, chemotherapy, or surgery.


Splenosis Spleen Mimic Trauma 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasmeen K. Tandon
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christopher P. Coppa
    • 1
  • Andrei S. Purysko
    • 1
  1. 1.Section of Abdominal ImagingImaging InstituteClevelandUSA

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