Abdominal Radiology

, Volume 43, Issue 11, pp 2955–2962 | Cite as

Three-dimensional CT enterography versus barium follow-through examination in measurement of remnant small intestinal length in short bowel syndrome patients

  • Wei Cheng
  • Shaoyi Zhang
  • Jian Wang
  • Changsheng Zhou
  • Yousheng LiEmail author
  • Jieshou Li



To evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of remnant small intestinal length measured by barium follow-through (BaFT) examination and three-dimensional CT enterography (CTe).

Materials and methods

Twenty-nine consecutive short bowel syndrome patients (SBS) who underwent BaFT, CTe, and prior surgical measurements of small intestine were included. Measurements of total remnant small intestinal length on BaFT and CTe were compared to surgical measurements using Spearman's rank correlation coefficients, Bland–Altman plots, and paired t test.


The average remnant intestinal length was 73.1 ± 37.2 cm according to surgical measurement. There was a significant positive correlation between CTe and surgical measurement (r2 = 0.99; p < 0.0001), and a relatively weaker correlation between BaFT and surgical measurement (r2 = 0.71; p < 0.001). Compared with surgical measurement, the percentage differences of CTe and BaFT were 5.71 ± 6.71% and 27.14 ± 18.41% (mean ± SD), respectively. Furthermore, Bland–Altman plots showed good agreement between CTe and surgical measurement, whereas relatively poor agreement between BaFT and surgical measurement. However, significant difference was found among the three measurement methods by paired t test (p < 0.0001).


Assessment of remnant small intestinal length by CTe is accurate and acceptable for clinical application, whereas BaFT is less accurate although BaFT is more convenient and cheaper for clinical application. And CTe can provide a cost-effective and noninvasive determination of remnant small intestinal length in planning surgical and nutritional intervention in SBS patients.


Small intestinal length CT enterography Barium follow-through examination Short bowel syndrome 



Short bowel syndrome


Barium follow-through


CT enterography


Multidetector CT


Serial transverse enteroplasty procedure



This study was funded by the Chinese National Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 81270945).

Compliance with ethical standards


This study was funded by the Chinese National Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 81270945).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The study was approved by the local ethics committee of Jinling Hospital. All the participants provided written informed consent.

Informed consent

All the participants provided written informed consent.

Supplementary material

261_2018_1597_MOESM1_ESM.tif (973 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (TIFF 972 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Cheng
    • 1
  • Shaoyi Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jian Wang
    • 1
  • Changsheng Zhou
    • 3
  • Yousheng Li
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jieshou Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Intestinal Rehabilitation and Transplant CenterJinling Hospital, Medicine School of Nanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Department of General SurgeryShanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of MedicineShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Department of Medical ImagingJinling Hospital, Medicine School of Nanjing UniversityNanjingChina

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