Abdominal Radiology

, Volume 43, Issue 11, pp 3035–3042 | Cite as

Utility of the portal venous phase for diagnosing pancreatic necrosis in acute pancreatitis using the CT severity index

  • Yoshifumi Noda
  • Satoshi GoshimaEmail author
  • Keita Fujimoto
  • Hiroshi Kawada
  • Nobuyuki Kawai
  • Yukichi Tanahashi
  • Masayuki Matsuo



The purpose of the study was to evaluate the value of portal venous phase (PVP) images in the diagnosis of pancreatic necrosis in patients with acute pancreatitis using computed tomography severity index (CTSI).


This retrospective study was approved by our Institutional Review Board, and written informed consent was waived. Dynamic contrast-enhanced CT images, with the pancreatic parenchymal phase (PPP) and the PVP, were obtained from 56 consecutive patients with acute pancreatitis. Two radiologists reviewed two sets of images, namely PPP images alone (image set A) and combined PPP and PVP images (image set B) to evaluate the CTSI. Cases were categorized as necrotizing pancreatitis if ensuing walled-off necrosis formation was identified 4 weeks after onset of symptoms. The relationship between pancreatic necrosis and CTSI was compared between image sets A and B. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the significance of clinical and radiological factors associated with the diagnosis of pancreatic necrosis.


Pancreatic necrosis was confirmed in 14 out of 56 (25%) patients. The area under the receiver-operating-characteristic curve (AUC) for the diagnosis of pancreatic necrosis was 0.70 and 0.78 for image sets A and B, respectively. The AUC for image set B was significantly greater than that for image set A (P = 0.0002). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that among clinical and radiological factors tested, CTSI for image set B was independently correlated with pancreatic necrosis (P = 0.025).


Combined PPP and PVP images significantly improved the diagnostic accuracy of pancreatic necrosis following acute pancreatitis.


Pancreatitis Multidetector computed tomography Contrast media Acute necrotizing pancreatitis Diagnostic imaging 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare relevant conflicts of interest to disclose.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the Ethical Standards of the Institutional and/or National Research Committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The requirement for informed consent was waived by our Institutional Review Board.

Informed consent

The requirement for informed consent was waived by our Institutional Review Board.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshifumi Noda
    • 1
  • Satoshi Goshima
    • 1
    Email author
  • Keita Fujimoto
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Kawada
    • 1
  • Nobuyuki Kawai
    • 1
  • Yukichi Tanahashi
    • 1
  • Masayuki Matsuo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyGifu UniversityGifuJapan

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