The “caput medusae” sign in portal hypertension

  • Dario Giambelluca
  • Giovanni Caruana
  • Roberto Cannella
  • Dario Picone
  • Massimo Midiri
Classics in Abdominal Radiology


Compliance with ethical standards


No funding was received for this study.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

Statement of informed consent was not applicable since the manuscript does not contain any patient data.


  1. 1.
    Cho KC, Patel YD, Wachsberg RH, Seeff J (1995) Varices in portal hypertension: evaluation with CT. RadioGraphics 15:609–622. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Saba PR (1998) The caput medusae sign. Radiology 207:599–600. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Douglas JG (1981) Umbilical haemorrhage—an unusual complication of cirrhosis. Postgrad Med J 57:461–462CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Philips CA, Arora A, Shetty R, Kasana V (2016) A comprehensive review of portosystemic collaterals in cirrhosis: historical aspects, anatomy, and classifications. Int J Hepatol 2016:1–15. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Photo courtesy of Hugh Manatee. Public domain. Accessed 20 Dec 2017

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Section of Radiological Sciences, Di.Bi.Med.University of PalermoPalermoItaly

Personalised recommendations