High temperature is a major threat to Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation. In this study, a potential mechanism by which P. ostreatus mycelia growth is inhibited under heat stress was explored. Lactate, as a microbial fermentation product, was found unexpectedly in the mycelia of P. ostreatus under heat stress, and the time-dependent accumulation and corresponding inhibitory effect of lactate on mycelial growth was further confirmed. The addition of a glycolysis inhibitor, 2-deoxy-d-glucose (2DG), reduced the lactate content in mycelia and slightly restored mycelial growth under high-temperature conditions, which indicated the accumulation of lactate can be inhibited by glycolysis inhibition. Further data revealed mitochondrial dysfunction under high-temperature conditions, with evidence of decreased oxygen consumption and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesis and increased reactive oxygen species (ROS). The removal of ROS with ascorbic acid decreased the lactate content, and mycelial growth recovered to a certain extent, indicating lactate accumulation could be affected by the mitochondrial ROS. Moreover, metabolic data showed that glycolysis and the tricarboxylic acid cycle were enhanced. This study reported the accumulation of lactate in P. ostreatus mycelia under heat stress and the inhibitory effect of lactate on the growth of mycelia, which might provide further insights into the stress response mechanism of edible fungi.
• Lactate can accumulate in Pleurotus ostreatus mycelia under heat stress and inhibit its growth.
• The accumulation of lactate may be due to the acceleration of glycolysis and the dysfunction of mitochondria of P. ostreatus mycelia under high-temperature stress.
• The glycolysis and tricarboxylic acid cycle of P. ostreatus mycelia were accelerated under high-temperature stress.
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We sincerely thank Dr. Mingwen Zhao (Nanjing Agricultural University) for the critical comments on this manuscript.
This work was supported by the China Agricultural Research System (CARS-20) and Fundamental Research Funds for Central Non-profit Scientific Institution (No.1610132020033).
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Yan, Z., Wu, X., Zhao, M. et al. Lactic acid accumulation under heat stress related to accelerated glycolysis and mitochondrial dysfunction inhibits the mycelial growth of Pleurotus ostreatus. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 104, 6767–6777 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-020-10718-5
- Pleurotus ostreatus
- Mycelial growth inhibition