, Volume 70, Issue 7, pp 449–458 | Cite as

Restricted MHC class I A locus diversity in olive and hybrid olive/yellow baboons from the Southwest National Primate Research Center

  • Rebecca A. Morgan
  • Julie A. Karl
  • Hailey E. Bussan
  • Katelyn E. Heimbruch
  • David H. O’Connor
  • Dawn M. Dudley
Original Article


Baboons are valuable models for complex human diseases due to their genetic and physiologic similarities to humans. Deep sequencing methods to characterize full-length major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I (MHC-I) alleles in different nonhuman primate populations were used to identify novel MHC-I alleles in baboons. We combined data from Illumina MiSeq sequencing and Roche/454 sequencing to characterize novel full-length MHC-I transcripts in a cohort of olive and hybrid olive/yellow baboons from the Southwest National Primate Research Center (SNPRC). We characterized 57 novel full-length alleles from 24 baboons and found limited genetic diversity at the MHC-I A locus, with significant sharing of two MHC-I A lineages between 22 out of the 24 animals characterized. These shared alleles provide the basis for development of tools such as MHC:peptide tetramers for studying cellular immune responses in this important animal model.


Major histocompatibility complex I Papio anubis Papio anubis cynocephalus Papio hamadryas Roche/454 pyrosequencing Illumina MiSeq sequencing Baboon 



We would like to thank Roger Wiseman for insightful scientific consultation.


This work was supported by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (HHSN272201600007C), the Wisconsin National Primate Research Center Base Grant from the National Center for Research Resources (P51 RR000167), and the Office of Research Infrastructure Programs (P51 OD011106) of the National Institutes of Health. This research was conducted at a facility constructed with support from the Research Facilities Improvement Project (RR15450-01, RR020141-01).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rebecca A. Morgan
    • 1
  • Julie A. Karl
    • 2
  • Hailey E. Bussan
    • 2
  • Katelyn E. Heimbruch
    • 1
  • David H. O’Connor
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dawn M. Dudley
    • 2
  1. 1.Wisconsin National Primate Research CenterUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Pathology and Laboratory MedicineUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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