Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 48, Issue 5, pp 722–731 | Cite as

Magnetic resonance imaging of cardiovascular thrombi in children

  • Pablo Caro-Dominguez
  • Shi-Joon Yoo
  • Mike Seed
  • Lars Grosse-Wortmann
Pictorial Essay

Abstract

Cardiovascular thrombosis is rare in children and usually occurs in the presence of predisposing conditions, such as indwelling vascular catheters, tumors, aneurysms, ventricular dysfunction, or after surgery. Clots can occur in the cardiac chambers, arteries or veins, or inside conduits. Detection of thrombi is feasible with a variety of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques, including unenhanced methods but also contrast-enhanced MR angiography. In this essay we illustrate the MRI appearance of cardiovascular thrombosis in children and suggest an imaging protocol based on our clinical experience.

Keywords

Cardiovascular Children Heart Magnetic resonance imaging Thrombus 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

None

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pablo Caro-Dominguez
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shi-Joon Yoo
    • 1
    • 3
  • Mike Seed
    • 1
    • 3
  • Lars Grosse-Wortmann
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic Imaging, The Hospital for Sick ChildrenUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of Diagnostic ImagingHospital VIAMED Santa Angela de la Cruz, Health Time groupSevillaSpain
  3. 3.Division of Cardiology, Department of Paediatrics, The Hospital for Sick ChildrenUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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