Percutaneous guided biopsy for diagnosing suspected primary malignant bone tumors in pediatric patients: a safe, accurate, and cost-saving procedure
Percutaneous biopsy is the reference diagnostic procedure for adult musculoskeletal tumors. Its place in pediatrics is controversial and open biopsy remains recommended.
To assess diagnostic performance and feasibility of percutaneous biopsy performed on children and young adults for suspected malignant bone tumors.
Materials and methods
We conducted a 5-year retrospective study including patients ≤21 years who underwent a bone biopsy for a suspected malignant bone tumor. We assessed diagnostic yield (percentage of analyzable biopsies), accuracy (percentage of accurate diagnoses among all analyzable biopsies) and efficacy (percentage of accurate diagnoses among all biopsies), costs, anesthetic requirements and sample availability for biomedical research. Patients diagnosed with an open biopsy were used to compare diagnostic performances, anesthetic requirements and costs.
We included 90 percutaneous and 27 open biopsies in 117 patients. For percutaneous biopsy, diagnostic yield was 95.5% (95% confidence interval [CI] 88.8–98.7%), accuracy was 96.2% (95% CI 86.8–99.5%) and efficacy was 89.3% (95% CI 78.1–96.0%). There was no statistical difference with open biopsy (Fisher exact test, P > 0.05). Mean costs were reduced with percutaneous biopsy: €1,937 (standard deviation [SD] €2,408) versus €6,362 (SD €5,033; Mann-Whitney, P < 0.0001). Thirty-two of the 48 (67%) patients included in clinical trials and diagnosed with percutaneous biopsy had suitable samples for ancillary analyses.
Percutaneous biopsy is a valid alternative to open biopsy for diagnosing pediatric and young adult primary malignant bone tumors.
KeywordsAccuracy Bone neoplasm Children Cost analysis Fine-needle aspiration Percutaneous core-needle biopsy
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflicts of interest