Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 43, Issue 9, pp 1093–1102 | Cite as

Disorders of midgut rotation: making the correct diagnosis on UGI series in difficult cases

  • Vivian Tang
  • Alan DanemanEmail author
  • Oscar M. Navarro
  • J. Ted Gerstle
Original Article



In some series of malrotation small numbers of children are described in whom the position of the duodenojejunal flexure was considered to be normal on straight anteroposterior (AP) view of an upper gastrointestinal (UGI) series.


The purpose of this study was to illustrate children with disorders of midgut rotation in whom the diagnosis was difficult because on the straight AP view of the UGI series the duodenojejunal flexure was either not clearly depicted or was projected to the left of the midline close to its expected normal position at or close to the level of the duodenal cap.

Materials and methods

We reviewed 111 children with malrotation to determine the frequency that duodenojejunal flexure was not clearly depicted or was close to normal position.


Seven patients had close to normal position of duodenojejunal flexure on AP view. The correct diagnosis was made on initial UGI series in four patients based on other features on AP and lateral views. In two of the other three patients, a repeat UGI series facilitated the correct diagnosis. In the final patient, an abnormal position of a nasojejunal tube suggested the correct diagnosis.


Accurate diagnosis of anomalies of midgut rotation requires careful assessment of the entire duodenal sweep on both AP and lateral views to avoid false-negative interpretations.


Malrotation Midgut Children Upper GI series 


Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vivian Tang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alan Daneman
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Oscar M. Navarro
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. Ted Gerstle
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Medical ImagingUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of Diagnostic ImagingTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of Surgery, Division of General and Thoracic SurgeryThe Hospital for Sick Children, University of TorontoTorontoCanada

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