Polycystic ovaries in leprechaunism
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KeywordsPolycystic Ovary Precocious Puberty Hyperandrogenism Pancreatic Islet Cell Left Ovary
Dr. William Donohue of the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto first reported leprechaunism (also known as Donohue syndrome) in 1954. Physical features included growth retardation, lipoatrophy, acanthosis nigricans, hypertrichosis, abnormal facies, breast tissue hyperplasia, and enlarged genitalia. Endocrine dysfunction was suggested by abnormal glucose levels and profound insulin resistance. Autopsies revealed pancreatic islet cell hyperplasia and cystic ovaries .
Leprechaunism is now classified under a group of endocrinopathies resulting in HAIR-AN syndrome (Hyperandrogenism, Insulin Resistance, Acanthosis Nigricans). Hyperinsulinemia stimulates hyperandrogenism, which manifests as precocious puberty in infancy . While the clinical literature has briefly mentioned large ovaries in association with sexual precocity, the imaging appearance has not been previously shown.