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Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 138–142 | Cite as

Are chest radiographs routinely necessary following thoracostomy tube removal?

  • Preeyacha Pacharn
  • Daniel N. Heller
  • Bamidele F. Kammen
  • Thomas J. Bryce
  • Mohan V. Reddy
  • Richard A. Bailey
  • Robert C. Brasch
Original Article

Abstract.

Objective: Chest radiographs (CXRs) are routinely obtained at many institutions in all pediatric patients following thoracostomy tube removal to search for pneumothorax (PTX). To aid in evaluating the necessity of this practice, this study investigates whether clinical signs and symptoms may be a sensitive predictor of PTX in such patients. Materials and methods: Reports from CXRs obtained following chest tube removal in all pediatric patients (374 patients) who underwent cardiac surgery with chest tube placement over 1 year were reviewed. For cases with reported PTX, the PTX was quantified and chart review was performed to assess whether signs and symptoms of PTX preceded the CXR result. Results: Fifty-one of 374 children (13.6%) had a radiographically defined PTX within 6 h after thoracostomy tube removal. The PTX was large (>40%) in 2 children, moderate (20–40%) in 5 children, and small (<20%) in 44 children. Symptoms (dyspnea, tachypnea, respiratory distress) or signs (increased oxygen requirement, worsening arterial blood gas and/or hypotension) of respiratory distress were present at the time of the initial CXR in six of seven patients, who later underwent a major clinical intervention, and in one patient who did not. Major clinical interventions were performed in all patients with a large PTX, four of five patients with a moderate PTX, and one patient with a small PTX that later enlarged. Conclusions: Clinical signs and symptoms identified nearly all patients with significant pneumothoraces. Future prospective investigations may examine reserving chest radiography following chest tube removal for select groups, such as symptomatic patients or those with tenuous cardiovascular status.

Pneumothorax Chest radiography indications Postoperative care Cardiothoracic surgery 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Preeyacha Pacharn
    • 1
  • Daniel N. Heller
    • 1
  • Bamidele F. Kammen
    • 1
  • Thomas J. Bryce
    • 1
  • Mohan V. Reddy
    • 2
  • Richard A. Bailey
    • 1
  • Robert C. Brasch
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, University of California San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143-0628, USAUSA
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, USAUSA

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