Pediatric Cardiology

, Volume 39, Issue 5, pp 884–891 | Cite as

Intraoperative Completion Angiogram May Be Superior to Transesophageal Echocardiogram for Detection of Pulmonary Artery Residual Lesions in Congenital Heart Surgery

  • Luke Lamers
  • Erick E. Jimenez
  • Catherine Allen
  • Derreck Hoyme
  • Entela Bua Lushaj
  • Petros V. Anagnostopoulos
Original Article


The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic capabilities of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) compared to completion angiography for detection of residual post-operative pulmonary artery lesions. This is a retrospective review of 19 consecutive surgical cases involving the pulmonary arteries that had post-operative TEE and completion angiography from 2014 to 2017. The echocardiograms were reviewed by 2 blinded examiners and categorized as adequate or inadequate visualization of the surgical repair. Based on TEE images, the surgical repair was graded as no revision necessary, residual lesion present requiring revision, or unable to assess. TEE was compared to completion angiography to determine the ability of each method to detect residual pulmonary artery lesions. Fifty-three percent of TEE imaging was graded as inadequate. Based on TEE, surgical revision was indicated in 2 of 19 cases. Completion angiography documented 4 additional residual lesions resulting in surgical revision in 6 of 19 patients. TEE sensitivity for detecting residual pulmonary artery lesions was 40%. One Glenn patient with adequate image quality and repair by TEE had moderate left pulmonary artery stenosis by completion angiography. All other discrepancies occurred in patients with inadequate TEE imaging. No patient with pulmonary artery abnormalities had hemodynamic instability or excessive desaturations. Completion angiography-related complications included three transient arrhythmias with no increased incidence of acute kidney injury. Completion angiography may be more effective than TEE at detecting post-operative pulmonary artery lesions even in patients not manifesting clinical symptoms. Documentation of residual lesions with completion angiography allows immediate surgical revision potentially limiting necessity for future interventions.


Completion angiography Post-operative pulmonary artery lesions Transesophageal echocardiography 



Acute kidney injury


Completion angiography


Congenital heart disease


Cardiopulmonary bypass


Main pulmonary artery


Negative predictive value


Pulmonary artery


Patent ductus arteriosus


Positive predictive value


Serum creatinine


Superior vena cava


Supraventricular tachycardia


Transesophageal echocardiography


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Luke Lamers, Erick E. Jimenez, Catherine Allen, Derreck Hoyme, Entela Bua Lushaj, and Petros V. Anagnostopoulos declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Following Institutional Review Board approval, this study was completed as a retrospective chart review with waiver of informed consent.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Cardiology, Department of PediatricsUniversity of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsUniversity of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA
  3. 3.Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of SurgeryUniversity of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA

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