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Historical Records and Source Apportionment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Over the Past 100 Years in Dianchi Lake, a Plateau Lake in Southwest China

  • Xiaohua Ma
  • Xiuxiu Han
  • Quanliang Jiang
  • Changchun Huang
  • Tao Huang
  • Hao Yang
  • Ling Yao
Article

Abstract

Two sediment cores were collected from Dianchi Lake, a plateau lake in Southwest China, to study the temporal trends and to investigate the sources of sedimentary deposited polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon. The ΣPAH16 concentration in the two sediment cores ranged from 172.5 to 2244.8 ng/g and from 211.4 to 1777.8 ng/g, with mean values of 1106.2 and 865.1 ng/g, respectively. Three temporal trends for the ΣPAH16 concentration and the composition of PAHs in Dianchi Lake all showed three typical changing stages: (1) slight changes in deeper segments before the 1950s; (2) a rapid increase in PAH concentrations between the 1960s and 1990s; and (3) a slight reduction from the 1990s onward. These trends differ from those observed in developed countries due to differences in the timing of industrialization and urbanization processes. According to the results of the molecular ratios and principal component analysis, the PAH deposition was dominated by coal combustion, wood combustion, and vehicle emissions before and after the 1960s, respectively.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41773097, 41673108, and 41571324), and the Guangdong Innovative and Entrepreneurial Research Team Program (No. 2016ZT06D336), a project funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD), GDAS’ Special Project of Science and Technology Development (2017GDASCX-0801).

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Geography ScienceNanjing Normal UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and ApplicationNanjing Normal UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment (Nanjing Normal University)Ministry of EducationNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of Geographical Environment Evolution (Jiangsu Province)NanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  6. 6.Guangdong Institute of GeographyGuangdong Academy of SciencesGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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