Combined signal averaging and compressed sensing: impact on quality of contrast-enhanced fat-suppressed 3D turbo field-echo imaging for pharyngolaryngeal squamous cell carcinoma



To determine whether combined signal averaging and compressed sensing (CS averaging) improves the image quality of contrast-enhanced fat-suppressed T1-weighted three-dimensional turbo field-echo (FS T1W 3D-TFE) for evaluation of pharyngolaryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (PLSCC).


This retrospective study included 27 patients with PLSCC. In all patients, contrast-enhanced FS T1W 3D-TFE imaging with CS averaging (number of excitations, 7) and that without CS averaging (number of excitations, 1) were obtained during the same acquisition time. Overall image quality, mucosal enhancement, vessel clarity, motion artifact, lesion conspicuity, and lesion edge sharpness were qualitatively evaluated using a 5-point scale. Images with and without CS averaging were compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the lesion and the muscle structure were compared between the two imaging methods using a paired t-test.


Compared with the images without CS averaging, those with CS averaging showed significantly better overall image quality (p = 0.002), mucosal enhancement (p = 0.009), vessel clarity (p = 0.003), muscle edge clarity (p = 0.002), lesion conspicuity (p = 0.002), and lesion edge sharpness (p = 0.001); and less motion artifact (p < 0.001). The SNRs of the lesion and of the muscle structure were significantly higher for images with CS averaging than those without CS averaging (p < 0.001).


CS averaging improves the image quality of contrast-enhanced FS T1W 3D-TFE MR images for evaluation of PLSCC without requiring additional acquisition time.

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Correspondence to Koji Takumi.

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All procedures performed in the studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Institutional ethics review board approval was obtained, and informed consent was waived for this retrospective study.

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Takumi, K., Nagano, H., Nakanosono, R. et al. Combined signal averaging and compressed sensing: impact on quality of contrast-enhanced fat-suppressed 3D turbo field-echo imaging for pharyngolaryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Neuroradiology (2020).

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  • Compressed sensing
  • Averaging
  • Head and neck
  • Magnetic resonance imaging