Investigation on the mitigation of environmental harmful emissions by incorporating nanoparticles to biofuel water nano emulsion in low heat rejection engine

Abstract

The quantity of energy consumers in the country is extensive in the current quick-moving situation; the whole car industry puts a significant part in energy utilization. Biofuels have lured consideration among other alternative fuels as indicated by their natural element and synthetic creation.In this test, the aluminum nanoparticles are prepared by three various proportions (50, 100 and 150 ppm) being used in the base engine. To introduced thermal barrier coated engine in piston top face and the desired thickness is 500 μm with the assistance ofmethods using plasma spray and coated with PSZ material. A diesel engine is tested with 100% Borassus flabellifer, 20% Borassus flabellifer +75% mineral fuel +5% content of water and 20% Borassus flabellifer+75% mineral fuel+5% content of water + Al2O3 (50 ppm), 20% Borassus flabellifer +75% mineral fuel +5% content of water + Al2O3 (100 ppm) and 20% Borassus flabellifer+75% mineral fuel+5% content of water + Al2O3 (150 ppm),. The blend BFNP 150 shows an higher in break thermal efficiency by 5.12% when correlated with diesel fuel. The hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide, and opacity of the blend BFNP150 decreased by 22.42%, 31.98%, and 25.12% compared with the diesel fuel. Oxides of nitrogen are increased by 11.24% in the BFNP 150 blends when compared to basefuel.To use the biofuel, the oxides of nitrogen are increased to reduce the NOx the water content is adopted into the fuel with the surfactant’s help. Most of the research the Span 80 and Tween 80 was used as surfactant due to the high HLB value, and stability of the emission is withstanding for long times.

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Abbreviations

BF100 :

Borassus flabellifer

BF20 :

20% Borassus flabellifer +75% mineral fuel +5% content of water

BFNP 50 :

20% Borassus flabellifer +75% mineral fuel +5% content of water + Al2O3 (50 ppm)

BFNP 100 :

20% Borassus flabellifer +75% mineral fuel +5% content of water + Al2O3 (100 ppm)

BFNP 150 :

20% Borassus flabellifer +75% mineral fuel +5% content of water + Al2O3 (150 ppm)

NOx :

Oxides of Nitrogen

BTE :

Brake Thermal Efficiency

LHR :

Low Heat Rejection Engine

CO :

Carbon monoxide

HC :

Hydrocarbon

BSFC :

Brake Specific Fuel Consumption

JBO :

Jatropha Biodiesel oil

OLB :

Oenothera Lamarckian biodiesel

JJB :

Garciniagummi-gutta biodiesel

WCO :

Waste cooking oil

PSB :

Neat Palm Stearin Biodiesel

BDB :

Biodiesel-Diesel blends

BDF :

Biodiesel – Diesel Fuels

NEWOPO:

Nano-emulsion of waste orange peel oil biodiesel

NESB:

Nano-emulsion of soybean biodiesel

WDE:

Water in diesel emulsion

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Elumalai, P., Sivakandhan, C., Parathasarathy, M. et al. Investigation on the mitigation of environmental harmful emissions by incorporating nanoparticles to biofuel water nano emulsion in low heat rejection engine. Heat Mass Transfer (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00231-021-03028-7

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