Karyotype, nucleolus organiser regions and constitutive heterochromatin in Ostrea angasi (Molluscae: Bivalvia): evidence of taxonomic relationships within the Ostreidae
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Chromosome preparations from gill tissue of the Australian flat oyster Ostrea angasi Sowerby were studied with conventional Giemsa staining, C-banding and silver staining techniques. A diploid complement of 2n = 20 was observed, consisting of five metacentric, three submetacentric and two subtelocentric pairs. Constitutive heterochromatin was distributed as large centromeric blocks in Chromosome Pairs 3, 6, 8, 9 and 10. The nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) were located terminally on long arms of Chromosome Pairs 9 and 10. This allowed the identification of homologous chromosomes in submetacentric and subtelocentric pairs. Intraspecific variability in NOR pattern as revealed by differences in the number of silver-stained NORs (Ag-NORs) per cell was found to be very common. Comparison of the patterns of karyotype, C-band and Ag-NORs between species of the larviparous oysters for which data have been published demonstrate that the chromosomal structure of the endemic Australian and New Zealand species O. angasi shows little similarity to the Southern Hemisphere oysters O. (Eostrea)puelchana Orbigny and Tiostrea chilensis (Philippi) and the Indo-West Pacific oyster O. denselamellosa, but very high resemblance to the European species O. edulis.
KeywordsBivalvia Chromosome Pair Homologous Chromosome Nucleolus Organiser Region Nucleolus Organiser
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