Haemolymph constituent levels and ammonia efflux rates of Nephrops norvegicus during emersion
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Nephropsnorvegicus (L.) were subjected to 8 h of emersion, either between layers of seawater-soaked hessian with periodical (20 min) flushes of seawater (high humidity, HH) or to unprotected emersion (low humidity, LH). Blood ammonia levels rose during emersion in both groups but reached higher levels under LH conditions. Ammonia efflux rates after re-immersion were higher than those of control prawns, and amounts of ammonia excreted at such times were considerably higher than those calculated to have accumulated in the blood during emersion. Possible explanations for such differences are discussed. C aO2 and C vO2 decreased rapidly to ca. 10% normoxia values within 2 h of HH and LH emersion and remained low throughout the remaining emersion time. Emersion-induced tissue hypoxia increased blood concentrations of glucose and lactate. Lactate accumulation was higher during LH emersion, compared with HH emersion. Blood pH dropped ca. 0.40 units but increased again after 2 h of re-immersion. Acidosis was probably related more to respiratory difficulties (CO2 accumulation) than to lactate accumulation, as blood lactate values remained high after 2 h of re-immersion. The ability of N. norvegicus to cope with emersion appears to be little influenced by high humidity conditions.
KeywordsLactate Blood Concentration Blood Lactate High Humidity Humidity Condition
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